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Fri, Nov 30, 2007 11:00 pm

Mounting a Dirty NTFS Volume

If you try to mount an NTFS volume on Linux that was used on a Windows system and get the message below, then Windows was not shut down properly. E.g. the system may have crashed or there was a power failure.
$LogFile indicates unclean shutdown (0, 0)
Failed to mount '/dev/sda1': Operation not supported
Mount is denied because NTFS is marked to be in use. Choose one action:

Choice 1: If you have Windows then disconnect the external devices by
          clicking on the 'Safely Remove Hardware' icon in the Windows
          taskbar then shutdown Windows cleanly.

Choice 2: If you don't have Windows then you can use the 'force' option for
          your own responsibility. For example type on the command line:

            mount -t ntfs-3g /dev/sda1 /mnt/hdd -o force

    Or add the option to the relevant row in the /etc/fstab file:

            /dev/sda1 /mnt/hdd ntfs-3g defaults,force 0 0
Presuming the volume is /dev/sda1 and you want to mount it at /mnt/hdd, you can mount the volume read-only with mount -r /dev/sda1 /mnt/hdd. Or you can force a mount in read-write mode with mount /dev/sda1 /mnt/hdd -o force. But it might be best to run Windows chkdsk or a utility with similar functionality first, since the fact that the dirty bit is set could indicate corruption to the volume's file structure.

[/os/unix/commands/mount] permanent link

Fri, Nov 30, 2007 7:23 am

Comcast NTP Servers

I wanted to configure a user's home router to synchronize its time with a Network Time Protocol (NTP) server, so that its log entries would have accurate time stamps. Since the user had a Comcast-provided connection to the Internet, I decided to use a Comcast NTP server. The one that I used is [].

If you want to verify that a NTP server is available and responding to NTP queries, you can go to Query NTP server and enter the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) or IP address of the system to be queried to submit an NTP query to the system from that site. If the queried system is responding to NTP requests, you will see something similar to the following:

Output of NTP server at


30 Nov 16:12:42 ntpdate[23942]: ntpdate 4.1.1@1.786 Tue Sep 23 17:37:40 UTC 2003 (1)
server, stratum 2, offset 0.001361, delay 0.10997
30 Nov 16:12:42 ntpdate[23942]: adjust time server offset 0.001361 sec

If you see "stratum 0" displayed on the results page, the system is not responding to NTP queries. The offset and delay values will be zero as well in that case.

You can find a list of publicly accessible NTP servers at NTP.Servers Web .

[/network/ntp] permanent link

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