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2009
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Sat, Feb 28, 2009 3:21 pm

IE HistoryView

If you need to view information regarding the Internet Explorer history of browsed webpages, IE HistoryView allows you to access that information for not only the profile under which you are logged into a system, but for other profiles as well.

[/os/windows/software/network/web] permanent link

Thu, Feb 26, 2009 8:00 pm

Google Street View Privacy Concerns

An article by Brian Cooper titled "Google Street View Continues to Raise Privacy Concerns" raises privacy issues for Google Street View. The article mentions a lawsuit brought by a Pennsylvania couple whose home was included among Google Street View images. The Street View images included close-ups of the couple's home, swimming pool, and outbuildings. The couple sought compensatory and punitive damages, claiming that Google had invaded their privacy, acted negligently, was unjustly enriched, and trespassed upon their Pittsburgh property, which includes a private road leading to their house. However, in a February 18, 2009 article Judge Dismisses Google Street View Case, Juan Carlos Perez of IDG News Service, states that Judge Amy Reynolds Hay from the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Pennsylvania, granted Google's request for dismissing the lawsuit because "the plaintiffs have failed to state a claim under any count."

As one of the commenters on the article by Mr. Perez noted, many people who see Google Street View images as a significant privacy issue may ignore far more serious privacy issues, such as warrantless wiretapping.

You can see where Street View is available in the U.S. at http://maps.google.com/help/maps/streetview/.

[/network/web/search] permanent link

Tue, Feb 24, 2009 8:51 pm

HP tc4400 Keeps Reverting to 640 x 480 16-Color Display

I had problems with the dsiplay of an HP tc4400 laptop, which was running Windows XP Professional Service Pack 3, after updating the video driver. When I right-clicked on the desktop and selected Properties, then Settings, I found the screen resolution was 640x480. The color quality was "Lowest (4 bit)", i.e. only 16 colors. I couldn't increase either setting. I clicked on the Advanced button and then the Adapter tab. When I clicked on List All Modes, the only options were those shown below:

List of valid modes

640 by 480, 16 Colors, Default Refresh
800 by 600, 16 Colors, Default Refresh

I changed the setting to 800x600 to make it a little better. I didn't get any error messages, but the resolution remained at 800 x 600.

Under the Display adapters setting of the Device Manager, I found two adapters listed:

Mobile Intel(R) 945 Express Chipset Family
Mobile Intel(R) 945 Express Chipset Family

The names were exactly the same, as were the drivers:

EntryDriver ProviderDriver Date Diver Version
1Intel Corporation8/24/20076.14.10.4864
2Intel Corporation8/24/20076.14.10.4864

I right-clicked on the second one and chose Uninstall. Whem prompted to restart the system, I did so.

When the system rebooted, I saw the following error message:

hkcmd.exe - Unable to Locate Component
This application has failed to start because hccutils.DLL was not found. Re-installing the application may fix this problem.

OK

 

The system notified me it had found a new video adapter and suggested I reboot again, which I did.

The resolution was still at 640 x 480, but when I checked the video adapters listed in the Device Manager, I saw the following:

Mobile Intel(R) 945GM Express Chipset Family
Mobile Intel(R) 945GM Express Chipset Family

Though the names and drivers differed from what I had seen previously, the names of the two entries were exactly the same, as were the drivers for them:

EntryDriver ProviderDriver Date Diver Version
1Intel Corporation3/23/20066.14.10.4543
2Intel Corporation3/23/20066.14.10.4543

I right-clicked on the bottom entry and chose "uninstall". I again had to restart the computer. But, when I logged in again, I found both entries listed in the Device Manager again. I removed both of them by right-clicking on them and choosing "uninstall". I then rebooted again. This time I had a 640 x 480 resultion again, but the color quality was "Highest (32 bit)". I was able to change the resolution to 800 x 600 by right-clicking on the desktop and choosing Settings.

Shortly afterwards I saw the "Found New Hardware" balloon pop up with "Mobile Intel(R) 945GM Express Chipset Family" listed as the new hardware found. I saw the message "Windows has finished installing new devices. The software that supports your device requires that you restart your computer. You must restart your computer before the new settings will take effect. Do you want to restart your compute now?" I chose "yes."

When the system rebooted, it was back to the 640 x 480 resolution. When I checked the Device Manager, I saw the "Mobile Intel(R) 945GM Express Chipset Family" listed twice again with the March 23, 2006 driver listed for both again. I again uninstalled both adapters from within the Device Manager and then rebooted. I had 32-bit color and 800 x 600 resolution when I logged in. When I right-clicked on the desktop, chose Properties, Settings, Advanced, then Adapter, I didn't see an adapter listed under Adapter Type. Clicking on Properties showed VGASave under the General tab. CLicking on the Driver tab showed the following:

Service name: VGASave
Display name: VGA Display Controller

But again I was notified of a "System Settings CHange" with the message that "Windows has finished installing new devices..." I chose not to restart the system immediately. I checked what the Device Manager was showing. It showed the same duplicated "Mobile Intel(R) 945GM Express Chipset Family" entries as before with both having the Intel March 23, 2006 driver associated with them. But the top entry had an exclamation mark in a yellow circle next to it. I right-clicked on that one and chose "disable" rather than "uninstall" this time. I then rebooted.

After rebooting, I had the 800 x 600 resolution and 32-bit color. The Device Manager still showed the duplicated Display Adapters with the same March 23, 2006 Intel driver for both, but there was a red "X" next to the top entry. Right-clicking on the Desktop and choosing Properties, Settings, Advanced, Adapter showed nothing listed under Adapter Type and the following for Adapter Information

Chip Type:<unavailable>
DAC Type:<unavailable>
Memory Size:<unavailable>
Adapter String:<unavailable>
Bios Information:<unavailable>

I changed the resolution to 1024 x 768 and rebooted again, just to make sure the settings would remain and the problem wouldn't recur. The problem did not recur.

References:

  1. The Device Manager in Windows 98/Me/2000/XP/Vista
    PC Buyer Beware! - Personal Computers: How Best to Fix PC/Computer Problems, Buy, Build, Upgrade, Recover, Restore, Repair and Protect PCs

[/hardware/pc/video] permanent link

Sun, Feb 22, 2009 7:11 pm

42odhr0b.exe

After scanning a Windows XP Professional Service Pack 2 system, MoonDreaming, with Spybot Search & Destroy 1.6.2, I installed Multi Virus Cleaner 2008 v8.6.1 on the system and scanned the system with it. It reported that a file, 42odhr0b.exe, which it found in a user's Local Settings\Temp folder was infected with the virus Trojan.Dropper.Small-8.

I submitted the file, which has an MD5 hash of 93d2546e58042ebe7f5ae26ec0ec50b3, to VirusTotal, a free service "that analyzes suspicious files and facilitates the quick detection of viruses, worms, trojans, and all kinds of malware detected by antivirus engines." It reported the file was first received on 10.07.2006 22:08:05 (CET). I had it reanalyze the file. VirusTotal reported that 91.18%, i.e. 31 of 34, of the antimalware programs with which it scanned the file identified the file as being malware (see VirusTotal report)

I also submitted the file to VirSCAN.org, "a FREE on-line scan service, which checks uploaded files for malware", using multiple antivirus engines. On uploading files you want to be checked, you can see the result of scanning and how dangerous and harmful/harmless for your computer those files are. VirSCAN reported that 76%, i.e. 28 of 37, of the antimalware programs it used reported the file as being malware (see VirSCAN report).

I also submitted the file to Jotti's Online Malware Scan, another free malware scanning site, for analysis. On that site, 18 of the 19 antivirus programs it used detected the file as malware (see Jotti report).

ThreatExpert, "an advanced automated threat analysis system designed to analyze and report the behavior of computer viruses, worms, trojans, adware, spyware, and other security-related risks in a fully automated mode" identified the file as being associated with Spyware.FavoriteMan (see ThreatExpert report).

ThreatExpert provided the following information on Spyware.FavoriteMan:

FavoriteMan is a Browser Helper Object, which connects to its controlling servers to download and install other programs and add entries to your Internet Explorer favorites menu or computer desktop. This program has been known to download at least 28 different adware or spyware programs. Some controlling servers are www.f1organizer.com, www.prize4all.com, www.yourspecialoffers.com and www.r-vision.org.

ThreatExpert indicated that the file creates the following files on the system:

%System%\ATPartners.dll
%System%\im64.dll

I had found ATPartners.dll on the system on February 27 of 2005 when I had scanned the system with other antimalware software. I had removed ATPartners.dll at that time. Apparently 42odhr0b.exe was left in the user's local settings\temp folder from that time. Checking my notes for information on FavoriteMan, I found I had encountered it on other systems, e.g. a Windows 98 system on March 28, 2004 (see Windows 98 System Hanging After Login) and a Windows 98 Second Edition system on April 25 of 2005 (see Calsdr.Dll Remnant).

Download a zipped copy of 42odhr0b.exe for analysis or testing antimalware software (use zoo as userid and malware as password). Note: You do so at your own risk; this file can infect a system, so only run the program on a test system.

[/security/malware] permanent link

Sun, Feb 22, 2009 6:57 pm

23010852235.exe

When I scanned a Windows XP Professional Service Pack 2 system, MoonDreaming, with Spybot Search & Destroy 1.6.2, it found 4 entries for Excite, but those were only tracking cookies. It also found 1 entry for Win32.Agent.cyt. It found a file 23010852235.exe, which has an MD5 hash of 9ec78aac59b04643bfb43415c6fa2909, in a user's Local Settings\Temp directory.

Spybot detected Win32.Agent.cyt entry

I uploaded the file to VirusTotal, a free online virus and malware scan website for analysis. Twenty-four of the 39 malware scan programs with which it scanned the file reported it contained malware (see VirusTotal report).

I also uploaded the file to VirSCAN.org, another multi-engine virus scanner site. It reported "The file are 23010852235.exe uploaded by other users and scanned successfully at 2008/01/18 20:48:04". I had it rescan the file. It reported that 49%, i.e. 18 of 37, of the malware detection programs that it used, identified the file as containing malware (see VirSCAN report).

File Name: 	23010852235.exe
File Size: 	3072
File Type: 	PE32 executable for MS Windows (GUI) Intel 80386 32-bit
MD5: 	        9ec78aac59b04643bfb43415c6fa2909
SHA1: 	        546e2d9c76fad865ac56b89fa54a864d564f1c16
Compressed: 	NA

Prevx, a security company that makes software that "identifies malicious code by its 'behavior'" lists SYSNSAD.EXE as being an alias for a file with this MD5 hash (see Prevx report).

The Prevx report states the following:

A file with the name SYSNSAD.EXE have been seen to have the following Vendor, Product and Version Information in the file header:

Microsoft Corporation; File Compare Utility; 5.1.2600.0
Microsoft Corporation; File Compare Utility; 5.1.2600.0 (xpclient.010817-1148)

When I examined the file with Filealyzer , I saw the following version information:

File version5.1.2600.0 (xpclient.010817-1148)
Company nameMicrosoft Corporation
Internal nameComp
Comments 
Legal copyright ©Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
Legal trademarks
Original filenameComp.Exe
Product nameMicrosoft® Windows® Operating System
Product version5.1.2600.0
File descriptionFile Compare Utility

Filealyzer version information for 23010852235.exe

The version information was likely inserted by the malware author to try to disguise the file as an innocuous Microsoft-provided operating system file.

I had Spybot fix the problem, i.e. delete the file.

Download 23010852235.exe for analysis or testing antimalware software (use zoo as userid and malware as password). Note: You do so at your own risk; this file can infect a system, so only run the program on a test system.

[/security/malware] permanent link

Sun, Feb 22, 2009 6:12 pm

Remove Hotfix Backups and $NTServicePackUninstall on MoonDreaming

I installed Doug Knox's Remove Hotfix Backups on MoonDreaming, a Windows XP Professional Service Pack 2 system. Windows Explorer reported "Free space: 46,294,945 bytes 43.1 GB" and checking for $NT*KB* directories showed the following:
C:\TEMP>dir /ah \Windows\$NT*KB*
 Volume in drive C is Sys-WinXP
 Volume Serial Number is B0E3-65A7

 Directory of C:\Windows

01/21/2005  02:34 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB828741$
01/21/2005  02:38 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB833987$
01/21/2005  07:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB834707$
01/21/2005  02:36 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB835732$
01/21/2005  02:36 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB840987$
01/21/2005  02:36 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB841356$
01/21/2005  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB841533$
01/21/2005  01:21 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB842773$
02/12/2005  07:59 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB867282$
01/21/2005  02:38 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB871250$
02/12/2005  07:59 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB873333$
01/21/2005  05:13 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB873339$
01/21/2005  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB873339_0$
01/21/2005  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB873376$
02/12/2005  07:59 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB885250$
01/21/2005  05:13 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB885835$
01/21/2005  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB885835_0$
01/21/2005  05:13 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB885836$
01/21/2005  02:38 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB885836_0$
01/21/2005  07:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB886185$
02/12/2005  07:59 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB887472$
02/22/2005  07:22 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB887742$
01/21/2005  07:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB887797$
02/12/2005  07:59 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB888113$
02/12/2005  07:58 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB888302$
01/21/2005  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB889293-IE6SP1-20041111.2356
19$
01/07/2006  11:46 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB890046$
09/02/2005  03:39 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB890046_0$
02/12/2005  07:58 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB890047$
01/21/2005  05:13 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB890175$
01/21/2005  02:38 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB890175_0$
05/14/2005  07:07 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB890859$
05/14/2005  07:08 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB890923$
01/21/2005  02:38 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB891711$
02/12/2005  07:59 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB891781$
05/14/2005  07:08 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB893066$
05/14/2005  07:08 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB893086$
09/02/2005  03:40 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB893756$
09/02/2005  03:39 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB894391$
01/07/2006  11:46 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB896344$
09/02/2005  03:39 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB896358$
09/02/2005  03:40 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB896422$
09/02/2005  03:40 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB896423$
01/07/2006  11:48 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB896424$
09/02/2005  03:39 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB896428$
10/23/2005  10:05 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB896688$
09/02/2005  03:39 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB896727$
09/02/2005  03:28 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB898461$
09/02/2005  03:40 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB899587$
09/02/2005  03:39 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB899588$
10/23/2005  10:05 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB899589$
09/02/2005  03:40 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB899591$
08/13/2006  09:32 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB900485$
10/23/2005  10:05 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB900725$
01/07/2006  11:46 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB900930$
10/23/2005  10:06 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB901017$
09/02/2005  03:39 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB901214$
03/22/2006  07:55 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB902344$
10/23/2005  10:05 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB902400$
10/23/2005  10:04 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB904706$
03/22/2006  07:57 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB904942$
10/23/2005  10:05 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB905414$
10/23/2005  10:04 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB905749$
01/07/2006  11:53 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB905915$
01/12/2006  10:58 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB908519$
08/13/2006  09:29 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB908531$
01/07/2006  11:49 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB910437$
08/13/2006  09:35 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB911280$
08/13/2006  09:32 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB911562$
03/22/2006  07:56 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB911564$
03/22/2006  07:55 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB911565$
08/13/2006  09:29 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB911567$
03/22/2006  07:55 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB911927$
03/22/2006  07:57 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB912475$
01/07/2006  11:53 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB912919$
03/22/2006  07:57 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB912945$
03/22/2006  07:56 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB913446$
08/13/2006  09:29 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB913580$
08/13/2006  09:30 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB914388$
08/13/2006  09:29 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB914389$
04/20/2007  10:10 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB914440$
04/20/2007  10:11 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB915865$
08/13/2006  09:29 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB916595$
08/13/2006  09:32 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB917159$
08/13/2006  09:30 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB917344$
08/13/2006  09:30 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB917422$
08/13/2006  09:36 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB917734_WMP10$
08/13/2006  09:30 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB917953$
03/21/2007  10:32 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB918118$
08/13/2006  09:30 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB918439$
08/13/2006  09:30 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB918899$
09/15/2006  07:32 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB919007$
01/12/2007  02:35 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB920213$
08/13/2006  09:35 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB920214$
04/20/2007  09:53 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB920342$
08/13/2006  09:30 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB920670$
08/13/2006  09:29 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB920683$
09/15/2006  07:32 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB920685$
09/15/2006  07:32 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB920872$
08/13/2006  09:31 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB921398$
12/29/2007  08:03 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB921503$
08/13/2006  09:35 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB921883$
09/15/2006  07:32 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB922582$
08/13/2006  09:35 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB922616$
10/16/2006  09:54 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB922819$
10/16/2006  09:51 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB923191$
10/16/2006  09:54 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB923414$
01/12/2007  02:36 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB923689$
01/12/2007  02:35 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB923694$
01/12/2007  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB923980$
10/16/2006  09:54 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB924191$
01/12/2007  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB924270$
10/16/2006  09:53 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB924496$
03/21/2007  10:34 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB924667$
01/12/2007  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB925398_WMP64$
01/12/2007  02:38 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB925454$
10/07/2006  01:29 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB925486$
04/20/2007  07:47 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB925720$
04/20/2007  09:54 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB925876$
04/20/2007  09:36 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB925902$
04/20/2007  09:59 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB926239$
01/12/2007  02:35 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB926255$
03/21/2007  10:33 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB926436$
03/21/2007  10:34 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB927779$
03/21/2007  10:34 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB927802$
05/31/2007  11:08 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB927891$
03/21/2007  10:32 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB928090$
03/21/2007  10:34 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB928255$
03/21/2007  10:31 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB928843$
12/29/2007  08:00 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB929123$
03/21/2007  10:33 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB929338$
04/20/2007  07:45 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB929399$
01/12/2007  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB929969$
04/20/2007  09:36 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB930178$
05/12/2007  03:04 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB930916$
04/20/2007  09:36 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB931261$
04/20/2007  09:37 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB931784$
03/21/2007  10:33 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB931836$
04/20/2007  09:35 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB932168$
09/17/2008  11:37 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB932823-v3$
12/29/2007  08:03 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB933729$
12/29/2007  07:54 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB935839$
12/29/2007  07:54 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB935840$
12/29/2007  08:03 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB936021$
12/29/2007  08:03 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB936357$
12/29/2007  07:53 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB936782_WMP11$
12/29/2007  08:04 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB937894$
09/17/2008  11:37 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB938464$
12/29/2007  08:03 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB938828$
12/29/2007  08:03 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB938829$
12/29/2007  07:55 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB939683$
12/29/2007  07:55 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB941202$
12/29/2007  07:55 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB941568$
12/29/2007  07:59 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB941569$
01/15/2008  07:12 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB941644$
12/29/2007  07:59 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB942763$
12/29/2007  08:04 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB943460$
01/15/2008  07:12 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB943485$
12/29/2007  07:53 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB944653$
09/17/2008  11:44 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB946648$
09/17/2008  11:37 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB950749$
09/17/2008  11:40 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB950762$
09/17/2008  11:41 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB950974$
09/17/2008  11:39 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB951066$
09/17/2008  11:40 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB951072-v2$
09/17/2008  11:45 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB951376-v2$
09/17/2008  11:41 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB951698$
09/17/2008  11:38 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB951748$
12/18/2008  10:16 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB952069_WM9$
09/17/2008  11:40 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB952287$
09/17/2008  11:44 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB952954$
09/17/2008  11:44 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB953839$
09/17/2008  11:37 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB954154_WM11$
09/17/2008  11:41 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB954156_WM9L$
11/08/2008  10:42 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB954211$
12/18/2008  10:12 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB954600$
11/21/2008  11:23 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB955069$
12/18/2008  10:15 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB955839$
11/08/2008  10:43 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB956391$
12/18/2008  10:12 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB956802$
11/08/2008  10:43 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB956803$
11/08/2008  10:41 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB956841$
11/08/2008  10:43 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB957095$
11/21/2008  11:24 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB957097$
11/08/2008  10:40 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB958644$
02/14/2009  10:34 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB958687$
02/14/2009  10:34 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB960715$
               0 File(s)              0 bytes
             187 Dir(s)  46,294,913,024 bytes free

After I ran Remove Hotfix Backups, Windows Explorer reported "Free space: 46,308,824 bytes 43.1 GB" and checking for $NT*KB* directories showed the following:

C:\TEMP>dir /ah \Windows\$NT*KB*
 Volume in drive C is Sys-WinXP
 Volume Serial Number is B0E3-65A7

 Directory of C:\Windows

01/21/2005  02:34 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB828741$
01/21/2005  02:38 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB833987$
01/21/2005  02:36 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB835732$
01/21/2005  02:36 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB840987$
01/21/2005  02:36 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB841356$
01/21/2005  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB841533$
01/21/2005  01:21 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB842773$
01/21/2005  02:38 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB871250$
01/21/2005  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB873339_0$
01/21/2005  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB873376$
01/21/2005  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB885835_0$
01/21/2005  02:38 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB885836_0$
01/21/2005  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB889293-IE6SP1-20041111.2356
19$
09/02/2005  03:39 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB890046_0$
01/21/2005  02:38 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB890175_0$
01/21/2005  02:38 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB891711$
08/13/2006  09:36 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB917734_WMP10$
01/12/2007  02:37 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB925398_WMP64$
09/17/2008  11:37 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB932823-v3$
12/29/2007  07:53 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB936782_WMP11$
09/17/2008  11:40 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB951072-v2$
09/17/2008  11:45 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB951376-v2$
12/18/2008  10:16 PM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB952069_WM9$
09/17/2008  11:37 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB954154_WM11$
09/17/2008  11:41 AM    <DIR>          $NtUninstallKB954156_WM9L$
               0 File(s)              0 bytes
              25 Dir(s)  46,308,941,824 bytes free

I also removed the $NTServicePackUninstal directory under C:\Windows, which was using 338 MB (355,138,581 bytes) of disk space and holding 2,457 files, by holding down the Shift key to ensure the folder wouldn't go into the Recycle Bin, but, instead would be permanently removed, selected Delete. When asked to confirm the deletion of an exe file I chose "Yes to All" to avoid further prompts for the removal of executable files in the directory.

References:

  1. Freeing Disk Space
    MoonPoint Support
  2. Remove Hotfix Backup Files
    By Doug Knox
    May 29, 2004
  3. Freeing Disk Space on a Windows XP Home Edition System
    MoonPoint Support

[/os/windows/xp] permanent link

Sun, Feb 22, 2009 5:53 pm

Java Update and Downloaded Program Files

When you install Java Runtime Environment (JRE) software from Sun Microsystems on a Windows XP system, you will see entries for it in C:\WINDOWS\Downloaded Program Files. You can view the information through Windows Explorer, or if you want to view information on what is in that folder from the command line, you can use show-downloaded-program-files.vbs, which you can run from the command line with cscript /nologo show-downloaded-program-files.vbs.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/xp] permanent link

Sat, Feb 21, 2009 4:25 pm

Freeing Disk Space on a Windows XP Home Edition System

I have a laptop running Windows XP Home Edition Service Pack 3 that is running low on free disk space. I need to compact my outlook.pst file on the system, but can't because there isn't enough space to hold a temporary file the same size as the outlook.pst file, which is now 19 GB in size. So I had to look for files and folders to delete from the system to gain additional free space.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/xp] permanent link

Sun, Feb 15, 2009 9:21 pm

BIOS Info Using VBScript

Microsoft has a webpage on Microsoft TechNet titled Retrieving Information About the BIOS, which provides details on how to retrieve information for the BIOS, such as a description and version number for the BIOS, using VBScript.

I created a script, bios-info.vbs from the code provided on Microsoft's webpage that will retrieve the information from the BIOS.

[/os/windows/utilities/sysmgmt] permanent link

Sun, Feb 15, 2009 8:42 pm

Toshiba M35X Laptop Powers Off Randomly

I've been having a lot of power problems with a Toshiba laptop, model number M35X-S109 and part number PSA7U-01300U, recently. The system will randomly power itself off without warning. Often, when I power it back on, the battery will show a very low charge and will be charging. At Satellite model M35X - fixing power connector, I found that this model of Toshiba laptop is known for having a power connector problem. The webpage has pictures of the power connector on the motherboard showing signs of the problem. Pictures are also shown illustrating a repaired power connector. Another webpage with information on the problem is Toshiba Satellite M35X and Satellite A75 power jack and battery charge problem. There is a Toshiba Satellite A75 failed power jack workaround page detailing how one person, who had his laptop repaired multiple times to fix the problem, finally resorted to moving the power connector outside the laptop case. Another reference to the problem is at Satellite 1900. Laptop loses power and shuts down without warning.

I have the Toshiba Power Management Utility configured on the system to sound an alarm and display a message when the battery charges drops to 10%. I have it configured to sound an alarm, display a message, and hibernate when the charge drops to 5%. But it never takes those actions. Instead, the laptop just powers off.

So that I could at least have some forwarning of when the battery charge is getting very low, I installed Laptop Battery Power Monitor, which places a battery widget on the desktop which displays the battery's charge level and which appears above other windows.

[/pc/hardware/toshiba] permanent link

Sun, Feb 15, 2009 8:37 pm

Laptop Battery Power Monitor 2006

Laptop Battery Power Monitor allows you to track the battery charge for your laptop's battery. A battery widget appears on your desktop when the program is installed, which can be dragged across your desktop and placed over any window. To make it less intrusive, you can adjust the transparency of the battery. In addition, the battery can be resized to 33%, 50%, or 75% of its original size. If you place your mouse over the battery, your battery's charge status, total hours remaining, and percentage of battery life remaining will be displayed.

When you run the downloaded file, setup.exe, by default, it will attempt to extract the files stored within itself to c:\Temp\BatteryMonitor2006. If there is no c:\Temp directory, you will receive the message below:

WinZip Self-Extractor

White X in red circleCould not create "c:\Temp\BatteryMonitor2006" - unzip operation cancelled.

OK

 

In that case, choose another directory into which the files will be extracted. The software requires 6,992 KB of free space on the disk on which it will be installed.

The installation process creates a program group named Duomart.com. Within it you will find a Laptop Battery Power Monitor group. When you run the progam it will place a battery widget on your desktop showing the battery charge level.

DuoMart battery charge widget

That widget will remain over top of windows that you open. Moving the mouse pointer over it will display information about the state of the battery. If you right-click on it, you can change the size of the battery displayed. You also have the option to adjust its transparency or close the program.

The software can be downloaded from the developer website, which is a source for purchasing computer accessories, bluetooth devices, or laptop batteries. Other sources for the software are listed below.

Download Sites

DuoMart
MoonPoint Support
FileBuzz

[/os/windows/utilities/sysmgmt] permanent link

Sun, Feb 15, 2009 3:46 pm

Substring Extraction with the FOR /F Command

I want to obtain the file name listed as the value for Wallpaper in the registry key HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Themes\LastTheme. I can do so using the reg query command.
C:\>reg query HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Themes\LastTheme /v
 Wallpaper

! REG.EXE VERSION 3.0

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Themes\LastTheme
    Wallpaper   REG_EXPAND_SZ   %SystemRoot%\Web\Wallpaper\Ripple.jpg

From a batch file, though, I only want the filename, i.e. %SystemRoot%\Web\Wallpaper\Ripple.jpg.

I can select just that part of the output usng the FOR /F command in a batch file. The syntax of the FOR /F command is as follows:

FOR /F ["options"] %%parameter IN ('command_to_process') DO command

Key
   options:
      delims=xxx   The delimiter character(s)
                   (default = a space)
      skip=n       A number of lines to skip at the beginning. 
                   (default = 0)
      eol=;        Character at the start of each line to indicate a comment
                   The default is a semicolon ;  Use "eol=" to process all lines 
      tokens=n     Specifies which numbered items to 
                   read from each line 
                         (default = 1)

      usebackq     Specify `back quotes`
                      the command_to_process is placed in `BACK quotes`
                      instead of 'straight' quotes

   command_to_process : The output of the 'command_to_process' is 
                        passed into the FOR parameter.

   command     : The command to carry out, including any 
                 command-line parameters.

   %%parameter : A replaceable parameter:
                 in a batch file use %%G (on the command line %G)

FOR /F processing of a command consists of reading the output from the command one line at a time and then breaking the line up into individual items of data or 'tokens'. The DO command is then executed with the parameter(s) set to the token(s) found.

By default, /F breaks up the command output at each blank space, and any blank lines are skipped. You can override this default parsing behavior by specifying the "options" parameter. The options must be contained within double quotes.

In this case, the last line of output is the following:

    Wallpaper   REG_EXPAND_SZ   %SystemRoot%\Web\Wallpaper\Ripple.jpg

The delimiter between the fields in the output is the tab character (I checked for whether the delimiter was spaces or tabs with hod by redirecting the output of the reg query command to a file with reg query HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Themes\LastTheme /v Wallpaper > temp.txt). For the FOR /F command, the default delimiter is the space and tab characters so I don't have to specify delims=. But, if I don't, the output will be incorrect in cases where the path name or file name contain spaces, since the second space will be treated as a demarcation point, so that the space-separated parts of the path name or file name are treated as separate tokens.

"Tokens" are the parts of the line separated by the delimiter. In this case, I'm only interested in the third token, i.e. %SystemRoot%\Web\Wallpaper\Ripple.jpg, so I can use the following lines in a batch file:

FOR /F "tokens=3" %%R in ('reg query HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Themes\LastTheme /v Wallpaper') DO SET wallpaper=%%R
echo %wallpaper%

I used the tokens=3 option to select just the third token on the output line. The %%R for the parameter name is arbitrary. I could have called it %%S, %%T, etc., instead, if I wished. The command I wished to process is enclosed between '( and )'. Note: for the reg query command, if the registry key contains spaces in the key name, then you must enclose the registry key name within double quotes as in the following batch file example:

@echo off FOR /F "tokens=3" %%R in ('reg query "HKCU\Control Panel\Desktop" /v ConvertedWallpaper') DO SET wallpaper_file=%%R
echo %wallpaper_file%

The output produced by the batch file is shown below:

C:\WINDOWS\Web\Wallpaper\Ripple.jpg

But, if I checked the value for OriginalWallper in the registry key HKCU\Control Panel\Desktop with reg query as below, I would see a path name containing spaces.

C:\>reg query "HKCU\Control Panel\Desktop" /v OriginalWallpaper

! REG.EXE VERSION 3.0

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop
    OriginalWallpaper   REG_SZ  C:\Documents and Settings\James\Local Settings\A
pplication Data\Microsoft\Wallpaper1.bmp

If I don't specify delims= in the batch file, e.g., if I use the code below, I would get incorrect output.

@echo off FOR /F "tokens=3" %%R in ('reg query "HKCU\Control Panel\Desktop" /v OriginalWallpaper') DO SET wallpaper_file=%%R echo %wallpaper_file%

The output would be as shown below:

C:\Documents

That is because C:\Documents will be treated as one token and then the space between Documents and and Settings is treated as the demarcation point between two tokens. But, if I instead include delims= and immediately hit the tab key, that problem won't occur, since the the horizontal tab character between the fields will be used to break up the line into tokens.

@echo off FOR /F "delims= tokens=3" %%R in ('reg query "HKCU\Control Panel\Desktop" /v OriginalWallpaper') DO SET wallpaper_file=%%R echo %wallpaper_file%

You can't see any character after the delims=, but in order for the FOR /F command to work in this case, I had to type delims= and then hit the tab key while editing the file in Windows Notepad. If you then save the file, it will produce the correct output, e.g.:

C:\Documents and Settings\James\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Wallpaper1.bmp

Note: if you are using Vim as your editor on a Windows system, as I usually do, then you need to insert the tab character after delims= by hitting the Ctrl-I keys simultaneously. You can then hit the spacebar and type tokens=. If you just hit the tab key, your output won't be as you expect.

Wallpaper-info.bat is an example batch file to query the values in the Windows registry pertaining to the file used for the Windows wallpaper using the FOR /F command.

References:

  1. For - Loop through command output
    SS64.com
  2. NT's FOR /F command: tokens and delims
    Rob van der Woude's Scripting Pages

[/os/windows/commands] permanent link

Sun, Feb 15, 2009 11:42 am

Hod - Octal and Hexadecimal Dump Program for Windows

Hex and Octal dumper (hod) is a small (36,864 bytes for version 1.6) program, written by Muhammad A Muquit, that can display the contents of a file in hexadecimal and octal. It is available for Linux/Unix, Microsoft Windows, and SimpleTech SimpleShare NAS systems. For the Microsoft Windows version, simply extract hod.exe from the zip file available on the author's website.

If you just type hod file the contents of file will be displayed in both hexadecimal and ASCII.

C:\>"C:\Program Files\Utilities\hod.exe" temp.txt
          0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  a  b  c  d  e  f   0123456789abcdef
       0: 0d 0a 21 20 52 45 47 2e 45 58 45 20 56 45 52 53  ..! REG.EXE VERS
      10: 49 4f 4e 20 33 2e 30 0d 0a 0d 0a 48 4b 45 59 5f  ION 3.0....HKEY_
      20: 43 55 52 52 45 4e 54 5f 55 53 45 52 5c 53 6f 66  CURRENT_USER\Sof
      30: 74 77 61 72 65 5c 4d 69 63 72 6f 73 6f 66 74 5c  tware\Microsoft\
      40: 57 69 6e 64 6f 77 73 5c 43 75 72 72 65 6e 74 56  Windows\CurrentV
      50: 65 72 73 69 6f 6e 5c 54 68 65 6d 65 73 5c 4c 61  ersion\Themes\La
      60: 73 74 54 68 65 6d 65 0d 0a 20 20 20 20 57 61 6c  stTheme..    Wal
      70: 6c 70 61 70 65 72 09 52 45 47 5f 45 58 50 41 4e  lpaper.REG_EXPAN
      80: 44 5f 53 5a 09 25 53 79 73 74 65 6d 52 6f 6f 74  D_SZ.%SystemRoot
      90: 25 5c 57 65 62 5c 57 61 6c 6c 70 61 70 65 72 5c  %\Web\Wallpaper\
      a0: 52 69 70 70 6c 65 2e 6a 70 67 0d 0a 0d 0a        Ripple.jpg....

For help on using the program, use the -h option.

C:\>"C:\Program Files\Utilities\hod.exe" -h
usage: C:\Program Files\Utilities\File\Analysis\hod.exe [options] <filename>
Where the options are:
 -v      : show version information
 -h      : show this help
 -o      : dump in octal
 -8      : show as block of 8 bytes
 -x str  : convert a hex input to decimal
 -d      : show offsets in decimal
 -s      : show identical output lines
 -r      : reverse hod hexdump to binary
 -w      : reverse regular hex bytes to binary

If no filename specified, it will read from stdin

Example:
$ hod file
$ hod < file
$ cat file | hod
$ cat file | hod -
$ hod < file
$ hod -o file
$ echo "hello" | hod
$ echo -n "hello" | hod
$ hod -x 1c0
1c0 : 448
$ echo "0a 01 ff ef 0b" | hod -w > bin.bin
$ hod bin.bin | hod -r > bin_again.bin

Note: -r and -w works with hexadecimal only.

If you want to convert an ASCII string, such as the word hello, to its hexadecimal equivalent, you can use the echo command to pipe the word to hod, as below.

C:\>echo hello | "C:\Program Files\Utilities\hod.exe"
          0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  a  b  c  d  e  f   0123456789abcdef
       0: 68 65 6c 6c 6f 20 0a                             hello .

From the above output, you can see that the letters in hello have the following hexadecimal equivalent representation.

ASCIIHexNote
h68 
e65 
l6c 
l6c 
o6f 
SP20space
LF0aline feed

A space (hex 20) is listed after hello, since there was a space between the word and the | pipe operator that feeds the output of the echo command to hod. If I had placed the | immediately after hello, i.e. echo hello|, it wouldn't have been listed. A line feed (hex 0a) is shown after the space.

Download hod

Author's website

[/software/utilities] permanent link

Sat, Feb 14, 2009 8:24 pm

Extracting a Substring from a String under Microsoft Windows

If you are using Microsoft Windows, such as Windows XP, you can extract a substring from a variable string using character positional notation, i.e. %myvar:~char_skip_num%. I.e., where you have some variable, e.g. %myvar%, you can place the :~ operator prior to the ending % and then specify a the number of characters to skip followed by the ending %.

E.g. from a command line if you checked the value of a user profile variable, i.e. %userprofile%, for a user named James, you might see the following:

C:\>echo %userprofile%
C:\Documents and Settings\James

If I wanted to extract just the user's account name, i.e. James, I could use the following:

C:\>echo %userprofile:~26%
James

The "J" in James is the 27th character, so I used 26 to have the first 26 characters skipped.

You can also specify that you only want to extract a certain number of characters by putting a comma after the number of characters to be skipped followed by the number of characters to extract. E.g, if I only wanted to extract the first 3 characters starting at position 27, I could use the following:

C:\>echo %userprofile:~26,3%
Jam

If you don't want to skip any characters, but specify only a certain number of characters to extract, you can use the syntax %myvar:~0,x where you specify that zero characters are to be skipped and x represents the number of characters to extract from the string.

C:\>echo %userprofile:~0,3%
C:\

You can also specify that you want to start the extraction from the end of the line rather than the beginning by using -x, where x is some number, for the starting position. E.g. you could use the following to extract the last 3 characters from the line:

C:\>echo %userprofile:~-3%
mes

You can specify the number of characters to extract, just as noted before, with this method as well. E.g. to extract the substring that starts at 3 characters from the end of the string, but only includes 2 characters from that point, the following could be used:

C:\>echo %userprofile:~-3,2%
me

If you are using a batch file, e.g. substring-extract-example.bat, you could display just the desired part of the string as follows:

@echo off
echo %userprofile:~-3,2%

When the batch file is executed, it wold display just "me"

C:\>substr-extract-example
me

For further examples, see Variables: extract part of a variable (substring)

References:

  1. Variables: extract part of a variable (substring)
    SS64.com
  2. Substrings in Windows Batch Files
    Terminally Incoherent

[/os/windows/commands] permanent link

Thu, Feb 12, 2009 8:49 pm

Toyota Echo Gas Mileage

I have a 2001 Toyota Echo with automatic transmission. I check my gas mileage every time I put gas in the tank; so far this year I've been getting 35 to 38 MPG, for mostly highway driving to and from work, which matches fairly closely to the 38 MGP figure listed for the automatic 2001 Toyota Echo at Toyota Echo Gas Mileage.

[/info/auto] permanent link

Mon, Feb 09, 2009 4:34 pm

No-IP Coupon Code

I had to renew No-IP Plus Managed DNS service for a domain today, so that I could continue to use No-IP's DDNS service for the domain. I found a promo code that gave me a $5 discount for the renewal. The coupon code was EXP427.

[/network/dns] permanent link

Sun, Feb 08, 2009 9:13 pm

Political Donation Lookup Tool

At Campaign Donors : Fundrace 2008, one can use a search tool to look up campaign donors by zip code, city, last name, occupation, or employer.

I came across the site by accident while doing a search on a company name. The site revealed that the president of the company had made a campaign contribution to George W. Bush in 2004. I tried a search on my zip code and the site returned a list of people in my zip code who had made contributions to either the Democratic or Republican party and the amount donated.

The site states the following:

All calculations are based on public records filed with the FEC of contributions by all individuals totaling more than $200 (and some totaling less than $200) to a single Republican or Democratic presidential campaign or national committee for the 2004 and 2008 election cycles.

FundRace is updated according to the reporting schedule set by the FEC. Public contribution data is geocoded using public U.S. Census Bureau data. Dynamic maps are powered by Google Maps.

[/network/web/search] permanent link

Sat, Feb 07, 2009 9:37 am

SimpleCheck

I installed SimpleCheck on a laptop today. The program makes it easy to check multiple POP3 email accounts. The program provides the capability to dowload only part of a message or the entire message, delete messages from POP3 servers, and to send mail from the specified accounts.

[/os/windows/software/network/email] permanent link

Fri, Feb 06, 2009 3:59 pm

Running Control Panel Power Options from the Command Line

To access the Control Panel Power Options from the command line, type powercfg.cpl. Note: if you aren't logged into an administrator account when you run it, you can run it with administrator privileges by obtaining a command prompt and then taking the following steps:
  1. Type runas /user:administrator cmd to obtain a command prompt under the administrator account. Note: you may have to use owner or some other account in the administrator group, depending on your particular system, instead of the administrator account.
  2. Type powercfg.cpl in the new command prompt window that opens for the administrator account.
If you aren't logged in under an account in the administrator group, you can't just open the Power Management window with runas /user:administrator powercfg.cpl. If you try that, you will get the message " powercfg.cpl is not a valid Win32 application."

For a list of of Control Panel tools and how to run them from the command line, see How to run Control Panel tools by typing a command.

[/os/windows/xp] permanent link

Fri, Feb 06, 2009 1:42 pm

SpeedFan

The Toshiba M35X-S109 laptop I've been using is periodically powering itself off. Sometimes, when I power it back on, I notice that the battery charge is listed as being very low when I check it with the Toshiba Power Management utility in the Control Panel, though the utility shows the system is on AC power and charging. Though I have that utility configured to warn me when the battery charge is low and to hibernate when the battery charge is about 5%, that doesn't happen. At other times, when I immediately power it back on, I see that the charge level is high, e.g. 85% and it is shown as being on AC power.

Because I also hear the fan making a fair amount of noise at times, I thought I would install a utility to monitor the fan speed and CPU temperature. I used SpeedFan 4.37, but found that the laptop's motherboard doesn't support such monitoring. The temperature of the hard drive in the laptop can be monitored, though. I see it varies between 34 and 37 degrees Celsius.

[/os/windows/utilities/sysmgmt] permanent link

Thu, Feb 05, 2009 2:25 pm

ELOG Logbooks Location

I moved my ELOG logbooks from one laptop to another. After installing ELOG on the new laptop, I needed to tell ELOG where to look for logbooks, since by default it expects logbooks to be in the logbooks directory beneath the installation directory, e.g. C:\Program Files\ELOG\logbooks. To do so, I took the following steps:
  1. Open elogd.cfg, which is stored in the ELOG installation directory, e.g. C:\Program Files\ELOG\elogd.cfg, with Notepad from an administrator account.
  2. In the global section add a Logbook dir = <directory> line where <directory> is the directory where you wish to have the logbooks stored. Note: don't use quotes around directory names, even if there are spaces in the names of directories in the path to the logbook directory. E.g.:
    [global]
    port = 8080
    logbook dir = C:\Documents and Settings\James\My Documents\ELOG\logbooks
  3. You then need to create a section in elogd.cfg for the logbook. Put the name of the logbook between "[" and "]" and then add the relevant lines for that particular logbook. E.g.:
    [sysadmin]
    Theme = default
    Comment = System Administration
    Attributes = Author, Type, Category, Subject
    Options Type = Configuration, Malware Scan, Patches, Problem, Problem Fixed, Routine, Software Installation, Upgrade, Other
    Options Category = General, Hardware, Software, Network, Security, Other
    Options Author = John Smith
    Required Attributes = Author
  4. Save the modified elogd.cfg.
  5. Restart ELOG, which you can do from an administrator account from the command line using the following commands:
    C:\>net stop elogd
    The elogd service is stopping.
    The elogd service was stopped successfully.
    
    
    C:\>net start elogd
    The elogd service is starting.
    The elogd service was started successfully.

[/network/web/blogging/elog] permanent link

Tue, Feb 03, 2009 7:39 pm

Recovering Vim File in Windows

I had been working on a file using the Vim editor on my laptop. I went to eat dinner; when I came back the laptop had powered itself off. I hadn't saved the file even once. One of the reasons I use Vim as my editor on Windows is that, unlike with the Windows Notepad program, if the system crashes I can recover the file I was editing, since Vim periodically updates a "swap" file for documents being edited. For instance, if I'm editing somedoc.txt there will be a somedoc.txt.swp in the same directory from which I can recover the document should the system crash. In this case, though, I didn't think I could recover the document, since I had never saved it with a file name. So I didn't know where a .swp file would have been stored and was doubtful there was one. But after powering the laptop back on and logging into the same account again, I opened Vim, hit the Esc key and typed :recover. Lo and behold there was my work exactly as it was when I went to eat dinner, saving me a lot of time I would otherwise have been forced to spend recreating the document. I immediately saved it to a file.

[/software/editors/vi] permanent link

Tue, Feb 03, 2009 12:42 pm

Hibernate Support on a Toshiba Laptop

To enable hibernation support on a Toshiba laptop, such as the Toshiba Satellite M35X-S109 laptop, on a Windows XP Home Edition system, take the following steps:
  1. Click on Start.
  2. Select Control Panel.
  3. If the Control Panel is set for "category view", click on Performance and Maintenance then Toshiba Power Management. If it is instead set to "classic view", you will already see Toshiba Power Management, which you should click on.
  4. Click on the Advanced tab.
  5. Check the box for "Enable hibernate support". Once you've enabled hibernate support by clicking on the checkbox, you can also set the system to go into hibernation mode when you close the top of the laptop by changing the setting to "hibernate" under "when I close the lid of my portable computer."

    Toshiba - Enable Hibernate Support

  6. Click on OK.
  7. Close the Control Panel window.

Note: in order to enable hibernate support, you will need enough free space on the hard drive to hold the contents of the system's memory. You can determine the amount of memory in the system by clicking on Start, selecting Run, typing winver and hitting Enter. In the window that then opens, you will see a value for "Physical memory available to Windows". You will need that amount of disk space free on the hard drive, because the contents of memory are written to the file hiberfil.sys, usually in c:\hiberfil.sys when the system is put into hibernation mode. If you don't have at least that amount of disk space free, you won't be able to enable hibernation support.

Once hibernation support is enabled, you can put the system into hibernation by clicking on Start, selecting Turn Off Computer, moving the mouse pointer over Stand By, and then hitting the Shift key. The Stand By option should then change to Hibernate, which you can click on to hibernate the computer.

[/os/windows/xp] permanent link

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