While trying to reduce entries in the site's Apache error log, I've decided I should eliminate the many "File does not exist" error messages for
favicon.ico. I often see attempts to access that file from the site's root directory, but, since there is no such file, a lot of extraneous entries appear in the error log file for it when browsers attempt to access it. Favicon is short for "favorite icon" and is also known as a "shortcut icon". Favicons were first supported in March 1999 when Microsoft released Internet Explorer 5. In December of 1999, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) made it a standard element in HTML 4.01 recommendation to be used with a link relation in the <head> section of an HTML document. It is now widely supported among browsers.
The original purpose of a favicon was to provide a small icon, commonly 16 x 16 pixels, that a browser would associate with a website when a user bookmarked the site. Today, browsers typically display a page's favicon in their address bar and sometimes also in the browser's history display as well as using it in association with a bookmark. Those browsers that provide a tabbed document interface (TDI) also typically display the favicon next to a page's title on a tab for the site with which the favicon is associated.
I had an icon I had used years ago, but decided I liked the crescent moon icon, I found at favicon.cc better. That site provides a tool that will allow you to create your own favicon. It also provides many free icons that you can download.
To use the icon file, you can simply place the
in the root directory of the website where browsers can automatically locate
it. Or you can place it elsewhere on the site and specify its location
by inserting the following code within the head section of the HTML code
for a page, substituing the relative path from the website's document
<link href="/YOUR_PATH/favicon.ico" rel="icon" type="image/x-icon" />
Something like the following is also acceptable. I.e., in addition to
specifying the file's location you can can also give the file a name
<link rel="icon" href="http://example.com/myicon.ico" />