Sun, Jul 29, 2018 8:26 pm
Recovering a file on a Windows system from a shadow copy
After editing a spreadsheet
Microsoft Windows Server 2012
system, I intended to save the modified
version under a new file name, but inadvertently chose "Save" rather than
"Save As." Fortunately, Windows systems running the Volume Snapshot Service,
, provide an easy mechanism to recover lost data by reverting to a prior
"shadow copy" version of a file. To revert to the prior version, you can
take the following steps:
Windows File Explorer, click on the file to select it, then choose
"Properties" from the ribbon of options at the top of the File Explorer
window or right-click on the file and choose "Properties." Or, you can click
on the file to select it and then hit the Alt and Enter
keys simultaneously to bring up the Properties window for that file.
Then click on the Previous Versions tab.
Click on the prior version of the file to select it and then click on the
Restore button at the bottom of the window.
You will see a window asking "Are you sure you want to restore the previous
version of" followed by the file name and the
on the prior version of the file. The window also warns you that "This will
replace the current version of this file on your computer and cannot be
undone." Click on the Restore button on that window.
You should then see a window stating "The file has been successfully restored
to the previous version." Click on the OK button to close that window.
If you click on the General tab at this point, the Modified date
will still reflect the timestamp before you restored the file, but if you
close the Properties window and reopen it, you should then see
the Modified date and time reflect the timestamp of the prior version that
was restored to the system.
[ More Info ]
Sat, Jul 28, 2018 10:45 pm
Viewing and Editing Defined Names in Excel 2013
To view or edit the
Microsoft Excel 2013
spreadsheet program, you can take the following steps:
Click on the Forumulas tab at the top of the
From the Formulas menu, select Name Manager.
In the Name Manager window, you can see the defined names.
[ More Info ]
Sat, May 12, 2018 8:58 pm
Undo and Redo in Microsoft Windows File Explorer
If you wish to undo or redo an operation you just performed in the
Microsoft Windows File Explorer
on a Windows 10 system, you can do so by
(hit the Ctrl
simultaneously). E.g., if you inadvertently deleted a file, sending it to the
, you can hit those keys together to restore the file to its
prior location. If you wanted to redo an operation you undid, you can
to redo the previously undone operation. E.g., if I deleted
a file, then undeleted it with Ctrl+Z
, I could redo the delete
action by hitting Ctrl+Y
sending it back to the recycle bin.
If you wish, you can add undo and redo icons to the Quick Access Toolbar
at the top of the Explorer window by clicking on the icon of a downward
pointing arrowhead with a horizontal line above it that appears at the
top of the Explorer window. You can then select "Undo" and "Redo" from
the menu that appears. Select both, so that you see checkmarks next to
each of those options. You should then see curved Undo and Redo arrows
next to the button you clicked on for the Customize Quick Access Toolbar.
You can now use those arrows, in addition to the shortcut keys, if you
prefer to undo and redo actions in the File Explorer.
[ More Info ]
Mon, May 07, 2018 11:42 pm
Performing a bare metal backup on a Windows 10 system
If you want to perform a "bare metal" backup of a Microsoft Windows 10 system
to an external USB
drive without a third-party application, you can use the
Backup and Restore utility that is provided by Microsoft with the
operating system. You can run the program from a command-line interface
opening a command prompt window with
administrator privileges and issuing the command
backup -backupTarget:x -allcritical -quiet where
is the drive letter for the drive where you wish to store the backup.
When you add the
-quiet option, the backup will be run with no
prompts for the user. The
--allcritical option "creates a backup
that includes all critical volumes (critical volumes contain the operating
system files and components)."
[ More Info ]
Sat, Mar 24, 2018 10:46 pm
Deleting old Windows backups with wbadmin
I had set up the built-in Windows 7 backup utility to run on my
mother-in-law's Windows 10 PC to back up the computer's internal hard
disk drive (HDD) to an external USB
drive. She asked me to verify that the backup was
still functioning, so I checked the status of the backup process on her
Windows 10 (version 1709) system
using the wbadmin
by opening a command prompt
window with administrator access
to run the
wbadmin get versions
command to obtain a list of all the
backups. I found that the last backup had occurred on December 31, 2017.
[ More Info ]
Sat, Feb 17, 2018 1:43 pm
Windows 10 Blue Screen - Page Fault in Nonpaged Area
When we awoke this morning, my wife found a blue screen displayed on her
PC running Windows 10 Professional with the message "Your PC ran into a
problem and needs to restart. We'll restart for you." and "Stop Code: PAGE
FAULT in NONPAGED AREA". She tried rebooting the system several
times and powering the system off and on, but the message kept
reappearing. I rebooted the system and hit the F8 key before Windows
started - you may have to reboot several times to hit the key right before
Windows starts to have it take effect. That took me to a Recovery window
where I saw the message
It looks like
Windows didn't load correctly. If you'd like to restart and try
again, choose "Restart my PC" below. Otherwise, choose "See advanced
repair options" for troubleshooting tools and advanced options.
[ More Info ]
Sat, Jan 27, 2018 6:50 pm
Turning on UltraVNC server service on a Windows system
If you installed
free and open-source software, to provide
Virtual Network Computing (VNC) connectivity from/to
a system for remote administration capabilities, but haven't enabled
the UltraVNC server service to allow the system itself to be managed remotely,
you can enable that service by taking the following steps:
uvnc_settings.exe program, which you can find in
the directory where you installed UltraVNC. You will need to provide the
login credentials for an account with administrator-level access on the
Click on the Service tab then click on the Install Service
button, which will install the software as a service, i.e. as a function
provided by a server, on the system.
Once the service is installed, you can click on the Start Service
button to run the service.
You can set the password to be used for VNC connections by clicking on
the Security tab. You can set two passwords. The "VNC Password"
will allow remote control of the system whereas the "View-Only Password"
will only allow viewing the display on the system, which is helpful if you
want to show someone what is happening on the system without giving the
person the ability to control the system. You can then click on the
OK button to close the UltraVNC settings window.
More Info ]
Sun, Jan 21, 2018 10:56 pm
free and open-source software that provides
Virtual Private Network (VPN) connectivity that is available for a variety
operating systems. To use the software on a
Microsoft Windows 10 system, download the the installer for
Vista and later from the OpenVPN
Community Downloads page; get the OpenVPN community software not the
PrivateTunnel software from the OpenVPN project - I mistakenly downloaded
and installed PrivateTunnel when I first went to the
OpenVPN site and then had to
[ More Info ]
Sat, Jan 20, 2018 11:01 pm
Updating Windows Subsystem for Linux
set up the Windows Subsystem for Linux on Windows 10, you may find that
when you subsequently select Bash on Ubuntu on Windows to obtain a
prompt, that you see a message indicating that packages need to be
106 packages can be updated.
71 updates are security updates.
You can get the updates with
You can then install the updates with
apt-get upgrade. You may
need to respond to a "Do you want to continue?" prompt. If there are a lot of
updated packages to install, be prepared to wait awhile for the upgrade
process to complete.
[ More Info ]
Fri, Jan 19, 2018 8:21 pm
Windows 7 to 10 upgrade hung at "finalizing your settings"
A few days ago I upgraded a Windows 7 Professional system to Windows 10.
After the upgrade was installed, I saw a blue screen with "Finalizing your
setings" with a spinning circle of dots above it. I didn't need to use
the system for a few days, so I left it in that state for about 3 days.
But with the same message displayed today, I was able to resolve the
problem today by holding the power button down for about 15 seconds until
the system powered off. When I powered the system back on afterwards I
saw "Welcome to Windows 10!" with the account I had been logged into
before the upgrade showing and a Next button near the bottom,
right-hand corner of the screen. When I clicked on Next, I saw
the "Choose privacy settings for your device" screen, though I had made
those selections during the upgrade process previously. I altered the
selections again as I had before and then saw a "Meet Cortana" screen
where I clicked on Not now. I then saw "Finalizing your settings"
again briefly and then the screen went black. I saw the disk activity
LED for the laptop blinking rapidly for a minute and then I saw a circle
of spinning dots on a blue background above "Please wait", but then I
got to the "Press Ctrl+Alt+Delete to unlock" screen and was able to log
into the laptop where within a few moments I saw "Thank you for updating
to the latest version of Windows 10. I typed
winver in the
Cortana "Ask me anything" field and hit Enter which resulted in
winver being shown as the best match. When I selected it, I saw
the current version of Windows being displayed as Windows 10 Version 1709
(OS Build 16299.125).
Shop Amazon Local - Subscribe to Deals in Your Neighborhood