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Mon, Apr 27, 2020 9:44 pm

Formatting endnotes in accordance with the Chicago Manual of Style

If you are using Microsoft Word to write a paper adhering to the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) guidelines for citations that appear in the endnotes section of the paper, references to endnotes should be made in the paper using Arabic numerals at the end of sentences with the numbers put in superscript.

Example

Ludwig considered it an honor that his books were among those burned by the Nazis in 1933.1

Endnote

1. Emil Ludwig, Three Portraits: Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin (New York: Alliance Book Corporation: 1940), 49.

You can configure Microsoft Word for CMS style citations by clicking on the References tab and then selecting a Chicago option for the Style option. Microsoft Word 2010 lists "Chicago Fifteenth Edition" as the CMS option.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/office/word] permanent link

Wed, Apr 22, 2020 4:44 pm

Disabling the execution of JavaScript in Foxit Reader

If you are concerned about malicious JavaScript being hidden inside a PDF file, you can upload the file to Google's VirusTotal site which will scan the file with many antimalware programs. The scan results will show if any of the dozens of antivirus programs the site uses in its scans have detected malware in the file. However, for additional security, you may want to know if the file contains code that will automatically be executed when you open the file in a PDF viewer or if it contains embedded JavaScript. The VirusTotal site will provide that information. For PDF files, you will see "pdf" displayed in a gray oval underneath the file that was scanned. If there is code within the PDF file that will automatically be executed when you open the file, next to that oval will be another one with "autoaction" in it. Embedded JavaScript is denoted by an oval with "js-embedded" within it. Just because you see "autoaction" or "js-embedded" doesn't mean the JavaScript is malicious, but if you want to ensure any malicious JavaScript isn't executed, if you are using the Foxit Reader program to view PDF files, you can disable its execution of JavaScript.

To disable the execution of JavaScript in Foxit Reader Version 5.3.1.0606, take the following steps:

  1. From the menu at the top of the Foxit Reader window, click on Tools and select Preferences.
  2. Click on JavaScript on the left side of the Preferences window that will open and then uncheck the check box for "Enable JavaScript Actions."

    Foxit Reader - disabling JavaScript

Also click on Trust Manager from the Prferences menu and make sure that the "Enable Safe Reading Mode" check box is checked. In the description of that setting, you will see "Foxit recommends that you check this option for controlling unauthorized actions and data transmissions; including URL connections, launching external files and running JavaScript functions to efficiently avoid attacks from malicious documents."

Foxit Reader - disabling JavaScript

[/os/windows/software/pdf/Foxit] permanent link

Sat, Mar 28, 2020 10:53 pm

Counting the number of rows in a table in Microsoft Word

If you wish to determine the number of rows present in a table in Microsoft Word 2010 on a Microsoft Windows system, highlight all of the rows in the table by putting the mouse pointer in the top or bottom row and then dragging it downwards or upwards until all of the rows are highlighted. Then right-click and select Table Properties. Under the Row tab you should see the number of rows listed.

Table Properties - Rows

If you don't see the row count, click on the Table or Column tab and then go back to the Row information by selecting the Row tab again. You should then see the row count displayed.

[/os/windows/office/word] permanent link

Mon, Feb 10, 2020 10:15 pm

Windows 7 Backup Failed Due to Detection of Virus in Shadow Copy

Microsoft Windows 10 comes with a backup program that will allow you to create a system image for backups. You can get to it by right-clicking on the Windows Start button and choosing "Settings" then "Backup," which is under "Update & Security," and then selecting "Go to Backup and Restore (Windows 7)." That program was being used to backup a Windows 10 system every weekend, but when I checked the status of backups for the system, I saw a message stating "The last backup did not complete successfully." I clicked on the "More information" button and saw a "Check your backup" message stating that the "Operation did not complete successfully because the file contains a virus or potentially unwanted software." When I clicked on "Show Details," I saw the time of the failed backup and "Error code: 0x800700E1."

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/win10] permanent link

Tue, Jan 28, 2020 10:16 pm

Determining the time a registry key was last updated

When I ran a scan of a Windows System with Spybot Search & Destroy 1.62, it reported it found a Windows registry key associated with GhostMail - it identified GhostMail as adware. To check the registry key, I typed regedit in the "Type here to search" field at the bottom of the screen and then selected the "Registry Editor" app when it appeared in the list of returned results (you can also open the application by typing regedit and hitting enter at a command prompt. I then navigated to the relevant key. I wanted to determine when the registry was created or at least when it was last modified. You can't see that information in the Windows Registry Editor, but you can create a text file that will contain that information by right-clicking on a key and choosing "Export" to generate a text file - select "Text Files (*.txt)" in the "Save as type" field, not the default value of "Registration Files (*.reg)." The text file will contain the key as well as the time it was last written to:

Key Name:HKEY_USERS\S-1-5-21-3084690208-3888753220-1328190817-1115\Software\Albert Yale
Class Name:<NO CLASS>
Last Write Time:8/16/2019 - 10:54 PM

In this case, the date on the key was months ago, so didn't explain recent problems on the user's PC and since Spybot - Search & Destroy didn't locate anything else, the registry key may have been a remnant of something removed many months ago.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/registry] permanent link

Wed, Jan 01, 2020 10:15 pm

Minecraft libraries failed to download

When I tried to install Minecraft on a Microsoft Windows system using the Windows Installer file I had downloaded, I saw the error message "These libraries failed to download. Try again. org.ow2.asm:asm-all:5.2."

Libraries failed to download

I then clicked on the link for "Installer" rather than "Windows Installer on the website from which I had downloaded the installation file, which resulted in a .jar file being downloaded. I right-clicked on the .jar file, forge-1.12.2-14.23.5.2768-installer.jar, and chose "Open with" then "Java(TM) Platform SE binary". I was then able to install the Minecraft client. When the client was successfully installed, I saw the message "Successfully installed client profile forger for version forge 1.12.2-14.23.5.2768 into launcher and grabbed 1 required libraries."

Successfully installed client profile forge

Note: These are notes from an October 12, 2019 installation that I hadn't posted, but I am posting now in case I encounter a similar error again.

[/os/windows/software/games/minecraft] permanent link

Mon, Mar 25, 2019 11:07 pm

Determining which process has a file open with Process Explorer

When I attempted to copy an Outlook .ost file to an external USB flash drive, I saw the message below:

An unexpected error is keeping you from copying the file. If you continue to receive this error, you can use the error code to search for help with this problem.

Error 0x80070021: The process cannot access the file because another process has locked a portion of the file.

I didn't have Outlook open and didn't know what other process was using the file. One way to find out which process has a lock on a file is to use the Process Explorer utility provided by Microsoft. The program is free and you don't need administrator rights on a system to use it. To determine a process that is using the file, you can hit the Ctrl and F keys simultaneously, which will bring up a search box where you can type the name of the relevant file. When you click on the Search button, you should be able to see the name of the process that has a lock on the file as well as the process ID (PID) for that process. E.g., in this case I could see that lync.exe was using the file.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/processes] permanent link

Sat, Oct 06, 2018 10:35 pm

Deleting Windows backups after specified media type is invalid message

When I checked on the status of the weekly backup process on a Microsoft Windows 10 system by issuing a wbadmin get versions command at a command prompt, I saw that no backups had been created since July of 2018.

Microsoft Windows [Version 10.0.17134.285]
(c) 2018 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

C:\WINDOWS\system32>wbadmin get versions
wbadmin 1.0 - Backup command-line tool
(C) Copyright 2013 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Backup time: 7/17/2016 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled My Passport(K:)
Version identifier: 07/17/2016-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {76dc6b17-ef40-418f-b13a-a332f3f18c66}

Backup time: 7/24/2016 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled My Passport(K:)
Version identifier: 07/24/2016-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {f394de8f-b3e2-4cc0-a2ee-ffb12448f1c6}

Backup time: 7/31/2016 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled My Passport(K:)
Version identifier: 07/31/2016-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {275475f1-22d9-455d-893b-f327b8069f99}

Backup time: 8/7/2016 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled My Passport(K:)
Version identifier: 08/07/2016-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {58902ac7-c0aa-4384-9abf-b96e89fe1954}

Backup time: 8/14/2016 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled My Passport(K:)
Version identifier: 08/14/2016-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {7600fdeb-9722-4f0d-9647-6a5a22613a40}

Backup time: 8/21/2016 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled My Passport(K:)
Version identifier: 08/21/2016-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {05e8eefe-486f-4286-bf7a-57ca7ba192e6}

Backup time: 8/28/2016 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled My Passport(K:)
Version identifier: 08/28/2016-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {cc0c16df-4eb2-43ca-bb40-4d02928e7617}

Backup time: 9/4/2016 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled My Passport(K:)
Version identifier: 09/04/2016-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {98c0f7a3-ca59-4c78-b4c3-5ff716a60bf2}

Backup time: 9/11/2016 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled My Passport(K:)
Version identifier: 09/11/2016-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {b066d090-fd1f-44e2-9899-b5defe860e65}

Backup time: 9/18/2016 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled My Passport(K:)
Version identifier: 09/18/2016-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {88b6a6aa-dce0-439b-96b8-98e1038411cd}

Backup time: 5/27/2018 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled Seagate Backup Plus Drive(K:)
Version identifier: 05/27/2018-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {e7999e64-18ef-4ffe-826f-63460ae10a95}

Backup time: 6/3/2018 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled Seagate Backup Plus Drive(K:)
Version identifier: 06/03/2018-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {ed35b3bb-5409-4351-82b3-42829908d5b2}

Backup time: 6/10/2018 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled Seagate Backup Plus Drive(K:)
Version identifier: 06/10/2018-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {8dd10f96-c62e-42e9-9d68-0947f529db52}

Backup time: 6/17/2018 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled Seagate Backup Plus Drive(K:)
Version identifier: 06/17/2018-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {0ebd7188-35b3-4317-bb20-b718dfd35789}

Backup time: 6/24/2018 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled Seagate Backup Plus Drive(K:)
Version identifier: 06/24/2018-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {93803f25-207b-410d-891f-d1e8244236aa}

Backup time: 7/1/2018 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled Seagate Backup Plus Drive(K:)
Version identifier: 07/01/2018-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {76022746-9b00-4380-a08b-d9a9b5bdd2d8}

Backup time: 7/8/2018 7:00 PM
Backup target: 1394/USB Disk labeled Seagate Backup Plus Drive(K:)
Version identifier: 07/08/2018-23:00
Can recover: Volume(s), File(s), Application(s), Bare Metal Recovery, System State
Snapshot ID: {030fb852-6e15-4ad3-8acb-e0b0d0057e87}


C:\WINDOWS\system32>

When I checked the free space left on the drive on which the backups were stored from the Windows File Explorer, I saw there was only a few megabytes of free disk space left, so I attempted to delete some of the prior backups with the wbadmin command, but I was unable to delete them with the message "failed with error: The specified media type is invalid" message appearing.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/win10] permanent link

Thu, Oct 04, 2018 9:47 pm

Extracting images from an Excel spreadsheet

I needed to extract two diagrams from a worksheet in a Microsoft Excel workbook. The diagrams appeared to have been put in the worksheet as an image through a copy and paste operation. I could right-click on an image in the sheet and choose "Copy" or "Save as Picture" and for the latter option I could choose PNG, JPEG, PDF, GIF, or BMP for the "Save as Type" value, but I wondered what type of file Excel was using for the embedded image. The file was a .xlsm file, which like a .xlsx file is an Office Open XML (OpenXML) file format that can be "unzipped" to reveal the constituent files within it by renaming the file to have a .zip filename extension or copying the file to a new file with a .zip extension - see Zipping and unzipping Excel xlsx files. So I copied the file giving the new file a .zip extension and then extracted the contents of that file by unzipping it. I then had a file named "[Content_Types].xml" and the following directories in the directory where I had extracted files from the zip file:

_rels
customXml
docProps
xl

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/office/excel] permanent link

Sun, Jul 29, 2018 8:26 pm

Recovering a file on a Windows system from a shadow copy

After editing a spreadsheet in Microsoft Excel on a Microsoft Windows Server 2012 system, I intended to save the modified version under a new file name, but inadvertently chose "Save" rather than "Save As." Fortunately, Windows systems running the Volume Snapshot Service, aka Shadow Copy, provide an easy mechanism to recover lost data by reverting to a prior "shadow copy" version of a file. To revert to the prior version, you can take the following steps:
  1. In the Windows File Explorer, click on the file to select it, then choose "Properties" from the ribbon of options at the top of the File Explorer window or right-click on the file and choose "Properties." Or, you can click on the file to select it and then hit the Alt and Enter keys simultaneously to bring up the Properties window for that file.
  2. Then click on the Previous Versions tab.
  3. Click on the prior version of the file to select it and then click on the Restore button at the bottom of the window.
  4. You will see a window asking "Are you sure you want to restore the previous version of" followed by the file name and the timestamp on the prior version of the file. The window also warns you that "This will replace the current version of this file on your computer and cannot be undone." Click on the Restore button on that window.
  5. You should then see a window stating "The file has been successfully restored to the previous version." Click on the OK button to close that window. If you click on the General tab at this point, the Modified date will still reflect the timestamp before you restored the file, but if you close the Properties window and reopen it, you should then see the Modified date and time reflect the timestamp of the prior version that was restored to the system.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/filesystem] permanent link

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