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Mon, Apr 10, 2017 8:37 pm

Somone else is still using this PC

I connected remotely to a Microsoft Windows 10 system using the Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP). I updated some software on the system which required a reboot, so I clicked on the Windows Start button and chose to restart the system, however I saw the message "Someone else is still using this PC. If you restart now, they could lose unsaved work." There was a "Restart anyway" button, but, since it was late on a Sunday night, I didn't think anyone else should be accessing the system.

Someone else is still using this PC

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/win10] permanent link

Tue, Mar 14, 2017 8:51 pm

Adding the SNMP service to a Windows 10 system

You can check on whether the Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) service has already been added to a Microsoft Windows 10 system by opening a Services window and scrolling through the list of services to see if SNMP is present. You can open a Services window to check the list of installed services by typing services in the Cortana "Ask me anything" field and hitting Enter. The best match shown should be "Services Desktop app". You can click on it to see the list of Windows services.

SNMP service not present

If you see SNMP Trap, but not SNMP Service, you will need to add the service. The process for adding it is similar to the process of adding support for SNMP under Windows 7.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/win10] permanent link

Fri, Mar 03, 2017 10:50 pm

Data loss provided by Microsoft's security "feature"

I was reminded tonight why one should avoid using Microsoft's latest desktop operating system, Windows 10, for any critical system. I had postponed some work on a Microsoft Windows 10 system that I was connected to by a Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP) connection. I had been working on the system a few days ago and returned to using the connection this evening only to see the system was going to reboot in a few minutes for an automatic update. I often have many applications and windows open at once and I knew there wasn't enough time for me to save all of my work, but I thought, even though I only had a few minutes remaining until the forced reboot, that I could at least postpone the reboot until tomorrow evening using the steps at Changing the time for a Windows 10 automatic restart that I've used before to postpone the forced reboot due to a software update. However, tonight when I got to the Windows Update settings window where a "Restart now" button appears, I was not able to click on "Change active hours" because that option did not appear under the "Restart now" button. I frantically tried to find another alternative. I thought, perhaps, I could hibernate the system to save the work in progress, but it was too late; the system rebooted and I lost all of the work in progress, much of which I'll be unable to recreate, since it had been several days since I had been working on the system and I now can't rememeber what I had put in some open Notepad windows, etc.

I understand the need to update systems to install security patches to prevent malware attacks, etc., but I've never lost data on this system over the course of several years due to such issues. I've only lost data due to Microsoft's automatic reboot "security feature".

I've read Microsoft is deigning to give their users a little more control over reboots due to automatic updates with the release of the Windows 10 "Creator's Edition" in April of 2017, e.g., see Windows 10 now prevents random reboots during updates, but Microsoft's decision that rebooting a system while a user is working on it even when there are open unsaved files, because Microsoft has decided that "this is for your own protection and too bad if you lose data" gives me a much more negative view of the company and its products. And I know there are many others similarly angered at the company after losing work to these forced reboots in Windows 10.

[/os/windows/win10] permanent link

Sun, Jan 29, 2017 7:52 pm

Setting up the Windows Subsystem for Linux on Windows 10

With the Anniversary Edition of the Microsoft Windows 10 operating system (OS), Microsoft provides a an Ubuntu-based Bash shell that will allow you to run Linux software on your Microsoft Windows 10 system. If you are unsure whether the Anniversary Edition update to Windows 10 is installed on a system, you can follow the steps listed at Determining which version of Windows 10 is installed. You can also use the instructions at Determining the version of Microsoft Windows from the command line. The Anniversary Edition is version 1607 of Windows. Or just checking the software build will reveal whether the Anniversary Edition is installed; if you see "build 14393" or later, then the Anniversary Edition is installed on the system.

The Windows system will also need to be using the 64-bit version of Windows 10 rather than the 32-bit version - see Determining if your version of Windows is a 32-bit or 64-bit version for methods that can be used to determine if the installed version of Windows is a 32-bit or 64-bit version.

If the version of Windows is appropriate, then you can follow these step by step instructions to install the Linux subsystem.

[/os/windows/win10] permanent link

Sat, Jan 28, 2017 9:46 pm

Setting the default mail application on Windows 10

If you wish to set or change the default mail app on a Microsoft Windows 10 system, you can take the following steps:
  1. Click on the Windows Start button.
  2. Click on Settings.
  3. Click on System.
  4. Click on Default apps.
  5. Click on "Choose a default" under Email.
  6. You should then see a list of email applications on the system; click on the one you wish to be the default mail application.
  7. Once you've chosen an email program, you can click on the "X" at the upper, right-hand corner of the window to close it.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/win10] permanent link

Tue, Jan 10, 2017 10:47 pm

Determining which version of Windows 10 is installed

There have been various iterations of Microsoft Windows 10 since it was first released. Though you might think of Windows 10 as one version compared to Windows XP, Vista, 7, 8, etc., but there are versions of Windows 10 itself and "builds" within those versions. You can determine which version of Microsoft Windows 10 is installed on a system running Windows 10 by typing winver in the Cortana "Ask me anything" field. You will then see a window, such as the one below, displaying the version and build number of the operating system. In the example shown below from a Dell laptop, the system is running Version 1511 build 10586.713 of the Windows 10 operating system (OS), which is the "November Update" to the OS.

Windows 10 version and build information

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/win10] permanent link

Fri, Dec 16, 2016 11:02 pm

Changing the Windows 10 proxy server settings

You can view or change the proxy server settings for a Microsoft Windows 10 system by using the Microsoft Edge browser to manage the proxy server settings or you can do it from a command line interface (CLI), i.e., a command prompt, using the reg command. To determine whether the system is currently configured to use a proxy server, you can use the reg query command below.

C:\> reg query "HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings" /v ProxyEnable

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings
    ProxyEnable    REG_DWORD    0x0


The 0x0 represents hexadecimal value zero and that value indicates the system is not currently configured to use a proxy server. A value of one, i.e., 0x1, indicates it is currently configured to use a proxy server.

Even if the value is 0, you can determine if a proxy server had previously been set that will be used again if you set the value to 1 by using the reg query command below.

C:\>reg query "HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings" /v ProxyServer

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings
    ProxyServer    REG_SZ    socks=


In the example above, if the value is set to 1, i.e., the system is reconfigured to use a proxy server, a SOCKS proxy server will be used that is listening on the localhost address, i.e., on the SOCKS proxy registered port, i.e., TCP port 1080. E.g., a SOCKS proxy could be set up with PuTTY, a free Secure Shell (SSH) client program.

To enable a proxy server, a reg add command can be used as shown below.

C:\>reg add "HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Internet Settings" /v ProxyEnable /t REG_DWORD /d 1 /f
The operation completed successfully.


In the example above, since the proxy server setting was set to be a SOCKS proxy, any browser, such as Edge or Firefox, if it was configured to use the system wide proxy settings, would now route web traffic through the proxy server.


  1. Checking Microsoft Windows proxy server settings
    Created: Wednesday January 7, 2015
    Last modified: Saturday June 27, 2015
    MoonPoint Support
  2. Finding the proxy setting for Firefox from a command line
    Created: Saturday November 15, 2014
    Last modified: Sunday November 16, 2014
    MoonPoint Support

[/os/windows/win10] permanent link

Sun, Dec 11, 2016 9:19 pm

Changing the time for a Windows 10 automatic restart

When an automatic reboot has been scheduled for a Microsoft Windows 10 system after an operating system (OS) update, you will be warned that the system will be rebooted. The system shouldn't be rebooted while you are actively using it, but it could reboot after you've stepped away from the system temporarily for a short time when the OS deems the system is idle, if the time is outside what the OS considers the "active hours" for the system, i.e., the hours you would be expected to be using it normally. Windows view of what are "active hours" may be different than your view, however. You can check on what hours it deems to be the "active ones" for your PC and change the time it is scheduled to reboot automatically by bringing up the Windows Update settings window by the following steps.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/win10] permanent link

Wed, Aug 17, 2016 11:55 pm

Starting the Windows 10 System Restore program from a command prompt

The Windows System Restore utility can be started from a command line interface (CLI) by typing the command rstrui at a command prompt.

Windows 10 System Restore

Click on Next to see available restore points.

Windows 10 System Restore Point

[/os/windows/win10] permanent link

Mon, Jun 20, 2016 10:47 pm

Changing PC sleep setting under Windows 10

The default settings for powering off the monitor and PC under Microsoft Windows 10 are to turn off the screen after 10 minutes with no keyboard nor mouse activity when the system is plugged into a power outlet and to put the system to sleep when plugged in after 30 minutes of no keyboard nor mouse activity. You can view and modify the settings by right-clicking on the desktop in an area unoccupied by any shortcut and selecting Display Settings, then clicking on Power & Sleep.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/win10] permanent link

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