Installing and using cdparanoia to rip CDs on a CentOS Linux system

If you need to rip a CD from a command-line interface (CLI) on a CentOS Linux system, cdparanoia will allow you to do so. The cdparanoia CD ripper program will allow you to produce Waveform Audio File Format, i.e., .WAV, files from the tracks on a CD. You can use the yum package management software to install the software with by issuing the command yum install cdparanoia from the root account.

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# yum install cdparanoia
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirror.umd.edu
 * epel: mirror.umd.edu
 * extras: mirror.umd.edu
 * updates: mirror.umd.edu
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package cdparanoia.x86_64 0:10.2-17.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

================================================================================
 Package             Arch            Version                Repository     Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 cdparanoia          x86_64          10.2-17.el7            base           55 k

Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install  1 Package

Total download size: 55 k
Installed size: 124 k
Is this ok [y/d/N]: y
Downloading packages:
cdparanoia-10.2-17.el7.x86_64.rpm                          |  55 kB   00:00     
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : cdparanoia-10.2-17.el7.x86_64                                1/1 
  Verifying  : cdparanoia-10.2-17.el7.x86_64                                1/1 

Installed:
  cdparanoia.x86_64 0:10.2-17.el7                                               

Complete!
#

When it is installed, you can see information on the cdparanoia package using the command rpm -qi cdparanoia.

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CentOS 7 System Engineer
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$ rpm -qi cdparanoia
Name        : cdparanoia
Version     : 10.2
Release     : 17.el7
Architecture: x86_64
Install Date: Sat 09 Mar 2019 02:41:29 PM EST
Group       : Applications/Multimedia
Size        : 127427
License     : GPLv2 and LGPLv2
Signature   : RSA/SHA256, Thu 03 Jul 2014 08:56:13 PM EDT, Key ID 24c6a8a7f4a80eb5
Source RPM  : cdparanoia-10.2-17.el7.src.rpm
Build Date  : Tue 10 Jun 2014 01:14:59 AM EDT
Build Host  : worker1.bsys.centos.org
Relocations : (not relocatable)
Packager    : CentOS BuildSystem <http://bugs.centos.org>
Vendor      : CentOS
URL         : http://www.xiph.org/paranoia/index.html
Summary     : Compact Disc Digital Audio (CDDA) extraction tool (or ripper)
Description :
Cdparanoia (Paranoia III) reads digital audio directly from a CD, then
writes the data to a file or pipe in WAV, AIFC or raw 16 bit linear
PCM format.  Cdparanoia doesn't contain any extra features (like the ones
included in the cdda2wav sampling utility).  Instead, cdparanoia's strength
lies in its ability to handle a variety of hardware, including inexpensive
drives prone to misalignment, frame jitter and loss of streaming during
atomic reads.  Cdparanoia is also good at reading and repairing data from
damaged CDs.
$

You can see information on a CD in the CD/DVD drive by issuing the command cdparanoia -vsQ. Note: you will need to issue the command from the root account. For the CD checked below, there is only one track.

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Anonymous Online
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# cdparanoia -vsQ
cdparanoia III release 10.2 (September 11, 2008)

Using cdda library version: 10.2
Using paranoia library version: 10.2
Checking /dev/cdrom for cdrom...
	Testing /dev/cdrom for SCSI/MMC interface
		SG_IO device: /dev/sr0

CDROM model sensed sensed: TSSTcorp CD/DVDW SH-S182M SB02 

Checking for SCSI emulation...
	Drive is ATAPI (using SG_IO host adaptor emulation)

Checking for MMC style command set...
	Drive is MMC style
	DMA scatter/gather table entries: 1
	table entry size: 131072 bytes
	maximum theoretical transfer: 55 sectors
	Setting default read size to 27 sectors (63504 bytes).

Verifying CDDA command set...
	Expected command set reads OK.

Attempting to set cdrom to full speed... 
	drive returned OK.

Table of contents (audio tracks only):
track        length               begin        copy pre ch
===========================================================
  1.   231538 [51:27.13]        0 [00:00.00]    OK   no  2
TOTAL  231538 [51:27.13]    (audio only)
 
#

If the command isn't issued from the root account, you may see output like that shown below for the same CD.





$ cdparanoia -vsQ
cdparanoia III release 10.2 (September 11, 2008)

Using cdda library version: 10.2
Using paranoia library version: 10.2
Checking /dev/cdrom for cdrom...
	Testing /dev/cdrom for SCSI/MMC interface
		Could not access device /dev/sr0 to test for SG_IO support: Perm
ission denied
		no SG_IO support for device: /dev/sr0
		Could not access device /dev/sr0: Permission denied
	Testing /dev/cdrom for cooked ioctl() interface
		/dev/sr0 is not a cooked ioctl CDROM.

Checking /dev/cdroms/cdrom0 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/cdroms/cdrom0: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/cdroms/cdroma for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/cdroms/cdroma: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/cdroms/cdrom1 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/cdroms/cdrom1: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/cdroms/cdromb for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/cdroms/cdromb: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/cdroms/cdrom2 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/cdroms/cdrom2: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/cdroms/cdromc for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/cdroms/cdromc: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/cdroms/cdrom3 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/cdroms/cdrom3: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/cdroms/cdromd for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/cdroms/cdromd: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/hd0 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/hd0: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/hda for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/hda: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/hd1 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/hd1: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/hdb for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/hdb: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/hd2 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/hd2: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/hdc for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/hdc: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/hd3 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/hd3: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/hdd for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/hdd: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sg0 for cdrom...
	Testing /dev/sg0 for SCSI/MMC interface
		Could not access device /dev/sg0 to test for SG_IO support: Perm
ission denied
		no SG_IO support for device: /dev/sg0
		Could not access device /dev/sg0: Permission denied
		generic device: /dev/sg0
		ioctl device: not found
		Could not open generic SCSI device /dev/sg0: Permission denied
	Testing /dev/sg0 for cooked ioctl() interface
		/dev/sg0 is not a cooked ioctl CDROM.

Checking /dev/sga for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sga: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sg1 for cdrom...
	Testing /dev/sg1 for SCSI/MMC interface
		Could not access device /dev/sg1 to test for SG_IO support: Perm
ission denied
		no SG_IO support for device: /dev/sg1
		Could not access device /dev/sg1: Permission denied
		generic device: /dev/sg1
		ioctl device: not found
		Could not open generic SCSI device /dev/sg1: Permission denied
	Testing /dev/sg1 for cooked ioctl() interface
		/dev/sg1 is not a cooked ioctl CDROM.

Checking /dev/sgb for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sgb: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sg2 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sg2: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sgc for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sgc: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sg3 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sg3: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sgd for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sgd: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/cdu31a for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/cdu31a: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/cdu535 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/cdu535: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sbpcd for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sbpcd: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sbpcd0 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sbpcd0: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sbpcda for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sbpcda: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sbpcd1 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sbpcd1: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sbpcdb for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sbpcdb: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sbpcd2 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sbpcd2: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sbpcdc for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sbpcdc: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sbpcd3 for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sbpcd3: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sbpcdd for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sbpcdd: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sonycd for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sonycd: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/mcd for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/mcd: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/sjcd for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/sjcd: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/cm206cd for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/cm206cd: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/gscd for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/gscd: No such file or directory

Checking /dev/optcd for cdrom...
	Could not stat /dev/optcd: No such file or directory



No cdrom drives accessible to joe found.

$

To rip an entire CD, use the command cdparanoia -B. Issue the command from the root account. For information on why you may need to issue the command from the root account, see #71237 - cdparanoia: cannot use cdparanoia 'out of the box' as a non-root user. - Debian Bug report logs.

# cdparanoia -B
cdparanoia III release 10.2 (September 11, 2008)

 
Ripping from sector       0 (track  1 [0:00.00])
	  to sector  231537 (track  1 [51:27.12])

outputting to track01.cdda.wav

 (== PROGRESS == [                              | 231537 00 ] == :^D * ==)   

Done.


# file track01.cdda.wav
track01.cdda.wav: RIFF (little-endian) data, WAVE audio, Microsoft PCM, 16 bit, stereo 44100 Hz
#

To view help information for the utility, you can issue the command, cdparanoia -h. Or you can view the cdparanoia man page with the command man cdparanoia.

$ cdparanoia -h
cdparanoia III release 10.2 (September 11, 2008)

(C) 2008 Monty <monty@xiph.org> and Xiph.Org

Report bugs to paranoia@xiph.org
http://www.xiph.org/paranoia/
USAGE:
  cdparanoia [options] <span> [outfile]

OPTIONS:
  -A --analyze-drive              : run and log a complete analysis of drive
                                    caching, timing and reading behavior;
                                    verifies that cdparanoia is correctly
                                    modelling a sprcific drive's cache and
                                    read behavior. Implies -vQL

  -v --verbose                    : extra verbose operation
  -q --quiet                      : quiet operation
  -e --stderr-progress            : force output of progress information to
                                    stderr (for wrapper scripts)
  -l --log-summary [<file>]       : save result summary to file, default
                                    filename cdparanoia.log
  -L --log-debug   [<file>]       : save detailed device autosense and
                                    debugging output to file, default
                                    filename cdparanoia.log
  -V --version                    : print version info and quit
  -Q --query                      : autosense drive, query disc and quit
  -B --batch                      : 'batch' mode (saves each track to a
                                    seperate file.
  -s --search-for-drive           : do an exhaustive search for drive
  -h --help                       : print help

  -p --output-raw                 : output raw 16 bit PCM in host byte 
                                    order
  -r --output-raw-little-endian   : output raw 16 bit little-endian PCM
  -R --output-raw-big-endian      : output raw 16 bit big-endian PCM
  -w --output-wav                 : output as WAV file (default)
  -f --output-aiff                : output as AIFF file
  -a --output-aifc                : output as AIFF-C file

  -c --force-cdrom-little-endian  : force treating drive as little endian
  -C --force-cdrom-big-endian     : force treating drive as big endian
  -n --force-default-sectors <n>  : force default number of sectors in read
                                    to n sectors
  -o --force-search-overlap  <n>  : force minimum overlap search during
                                    verification to n sectors
  -d --force-cdrom-device   <dev> : use specified device; disallow 
                                    autosense
  -k --force-cooked-device  <dev> : use specified cdrom device and force
                                    use of the old 'cooked ioctl' kernel
                                    interface. -k cannot be used with -d
                                    or -g.
  -g --force-generic-device <dev> : use specified generic scsi device and
                                    force use of the old SG kernel
                                    interface. -g cannot be used with -k.
  -S --force-read-speed <n>       : read from device at specified speed; by
                                    default, cdparanoia sets drive to full
                                    speed.
  -t --toc-offset <n>             : Add <n> sectors to the values reported
                                    when addressing tracks. May be negative
  -T --toc-bias                   : Assume that the beginning offset of 
                                    track 1 as reported in the TOC will be
                                    addressed as LBA 0.  Necessary for some
                                    Toshiba drives to get track boundaries
                                    correct
  -O --sample-offset <n>          : Add <n> samples to the offset when
                                    reading data.  May be negative.
  -z --never-skip[=n]             : never accept any less than perfect
                                    data reconstruction (don't allow 'V's)
                                    but if [n] is given, skip after [n]
                                    retries without progress.
  -Z --disable-paranoia           : disable all paranoia checking
  -Y --disable-extra-paranoia     : only do cdda2wav-style overlap checking
  -X --abort-on-skip              : abort on imperfect reads/skips

OUTPUT SMILIES:
  :-)   Normal operation, low/no jitter
  :-|   Normal operation, considerable jitter
  :-/   Read drift
  :-P   Unreported loss of streaming in atomic read operation
  8-|   Finding read problems at same point during reread; hard to correct
  :-0   SCSI/ATAPI transport error
  :-(   Scratch detected
  ;-(   Gave up trying to perform a correction
  8-X   Aborted (as per -X) due to a scratch/skip
  :^D   Finished extracting

PROGRESS BAR SYMBOLS:
<space> No corrections needed
   -    Jitter correction required
   +    Unreported loss of streaming/other error in read
   !    Errors are getting through stage 1 but corrected in stage2
   e    SCSI/ATAPI transport error (corrected)
   V    Uncorrected error/skip

SPAN ARGUMENT:
The span argument may be a simple track number or a offset/span
specification.  The syntax of an offset/span takes the rough form:

                       1[ww:xx:yy.zz]-2[aa:bb:cc.dd] 

Here, 1 and 2 are track numbers; the numbers in brackets provide a
finer grained offset within a particular track. [aa:bb:cc.dd] is in
hours/minutes/seconds/sectors format. Zero fields need not be
specified: [::20], [:20], [20], [20.], etc, would be interpreted as
twenty seconds, [10:] would be ten minutes, [.30] would be thirty
sectors (75 sectors per second).

When only a single offset is supplied, it is interpreted as a starting
offset and ripping will continue to the end of he track.  If a single
offset is preceeded or followed by a hyphen, the implicit missing
offset is taken to be the start or end of the disc, respectively. Thus:

    1:[20.35]    Specifies ripping from track 1, second 20, sector 35 to 
                 the end of track 1.

    1:[20.35]-   Specifies ripping from 1[20.35] to the end of the disc

    -2           Specifies ripping from the beginning of the disc up to
                 (and including) track 2

    -2:[30.35]   Specifies ripping from the beginning of the disc up to
                 2:[30.35]

    2-4          Specifies ripping from the beginning of track two to the
                 end of track 4.

Don't forget to protect square brackets and preceeding hyphens from
the shell...

A few examples, protected from the shell:
  A) query only with exhaustive search for a drive and full reporting
     of autosense:
       cdparanoia -vsQ

  B) extract up to and including track 3, putting each track in a seperate
     file:
       cdparanoia -B -- "-3"

  C) extract from track 1, time 0:30.12 to 1:10.00:
       cdparanoia "1[:30.12]-1[1:10]"

Submit bug reports to paranoia@xiph.org

$

References:

  1. Linux Rip and Encode Audio CDs Commands
    Last updated: April 16, 2018
    nixCraft