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Thu, Apr 22, 2004 6:27 pm

Sharing Folders with Net Folders

Microsoft Outlook 98 and 2000 provide the capability for you to share your calendar, contact lists, and other folders with others using Outlook. This can be very helpful for small offices that don't want to purchase Exchange Server or Micorosoft's Small Business Server 2003 software. I've provided some basic instructions for how to use Microsoft Outlook's Net Folders feature to do so.

[/os/windows/office/outlook] permanent link

Mon, Apr 19, 2004 3:28 pm

Determining Your IP Address

If you need to determine the IP address systems on the Internet will see as your address, you can go to any of the following sites:
  3. Canadian Web Solutions
  4. (click on the Quick-Find link)

Keep in mind that address is not necessarily the IP address assigned to your computer if you are on a Local Area Network (LAN). If you are behind a firewall or a router performing Network Address Translation (NAT), your locally assigned address may differ from the address websites and other servers on the Internet see as your originating address. If your router is performing NAT, there may be multiple computers behind the router with unique IP addresses, but the router may have ony one outside IP address. The router keeps track of which connections are associated with which inside IP addresses.

You can determine your system's actual address by going to What is my IP Address?. Or if you are using a PC running Windows by getting a command prompt by clicking on Start, Run, and then typing command and hitting enter. Then type ipconfig, which will show you your IP address, your subnet mask, and the default gateway address, which is the address of the system, e.g. a router, that your system would use to gain access to the Internet. On a Linux system, if you are logged on as root, you can type ifconfig -a, then look for the "inet addr" value, which will usually be associated with the eth0 interface. The l0 interface is a "loopback" address of, which is just an address that allows a system to communicate with itself.

[/network/Internet/IP] permanent link

Tue, Apr 13, 2004 8:39 pm

Mailq Out of Memory Errors

If you run the mailq command and see an "Out of memory" error as in the following example, then the recipient's email server is experiencing a memory problem.

----Q-ID---- --Size-- -----Q-Time----- ------------Sender/Recipient------------
i3DILcw21033     3415 Tue Apr 13 14:21 <>
                 (Deferred: 452 4.3.1 Out of memory)

You will likely see corresponding sendmail entries in your mail log file, e.g. /var/log/maillog.

Apr 13 17:49:06 gna sendmail[21965]: i3DILcw21033: to=<>, ctladdr=<> (106/100), delay=03:27:27, xdelay=00:00:00, mailer=esmtp, pri=393958, [], dsn=4.0.0, stat=Deferred: 452 4.3.1 Out of memory

[/network/email/sendmail] permanent link

Sun, Apr 04, 2004 11:12 pm

Procedure for Generating Norton Ghost Bootable CD

I've found Norton Ghost to be very useful for backing up systems. The program will allow you to back up an exact image of a drive or partition. It will work with FAT, FAT32, NTFS, ext2, and some versions will even allow you to backup ext3 partitions.

A problem I've encountered is that the program only allows you to generate bootable diskettes. Some newer sysems don't have a floppy drive. A boot CD is needed for those systems. For those systems, generate a bootable floppy diskette of the type you want, e.g. with USB and Firewire support or for a network backup. Then use a CD writing program to generate a bootable CD. Many newer CD burning programs allow you to generate bootable CDs from a bootable floppy.

The procedure I've listed below is for Roxio's Easy CD and DVD Creator 6, but you should be able to use a similar procedure with another program, e.g. Nero.

  1. Start Creator Classic
  2. Click on File
  3. Click on New Project
  4. Select Bootable Disc
  5. Make sure Bootable Disc Type is set to Floppy Disk Emulation (1.44 MB) and Emulation Option is set to Generate Image from Floppy. You can uncheck Retain Boot Image File unless you want to generate more bootable discs in the future without reinserting the floppy (see Figure 1). You can leave the Advanced options set to the default of 0x7c0 for Load Segment and 1 for Sector Count
  6. Click on OK
  7. Click on the orange "burn" button at the lower right-hand side of the Creator Classic window
  8. A Record Setup window then appears. Unless you need to change any settings, just click on OK
  9. You will see a Burn Disc Progress window appear. When the process reaches 100%, you will see a message that "You new disc is complete." Unless you want to use Creator Classic to create a label, click on Close then OK.
  10. When the message appears asking whether you want to save project changes, you can click on No unless you want to generate more CDs exactly like the one you just generated.
  11. You can now close Creator Classic and use the boot CD you just created to boot a system into Norton Ghost.

If the system isn't configured to try booting from a bootable CD before attempting to boot from the hard disk, you will need to enter the BIOS setup routine, which you can do after you power the system on, by hitting the appropriate key, e.g. Del (Dell) or F1 (Gateway). Or many newer systems will allow you to hit a key at startup time to specify what device you want to boot from, e.g. F12 (Dell) or F10 (Gateway).

[/os/windows/utilities/backup/ghost] permanent link

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