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Thu, Mar 07, 2024 11:56 pm

Table Attributes Deprecated in HTML 5

In HTML 4, you could use <table width="100%">. In HTML 5, using width in that way has been deprecated in favor of putting the width within a style designation. If you use <table width="100%"> in an HTML 5 webpage and check the page with the W3C HTML validation tool, you will see the message " Error  The width attribute on the table element is obsolete. Use CSS instead." You can use the following, instead:

<table style="width: 100%;">

The same is true for specification of the width of <td> table elements. Under HTML 4, the following was ok:

<td width="33%" align="left">

In the above HTML code, the cell width could be specified as 33% of the table width and text in a cell could be left-aligned with align="left". Under HTML 5, though, both specifications are considered obsolete and the following should be used, instead:

<td style="width:33%; text-align:left;">

If you need to center the text, you can use text-align:center, instead. If you wish to vertically align an element in a table cell, such as text or an image, in HTML 4 you could use the following:

<td valign="top">March 12</td>

In HTML 5, you can use the following instead of the above deprecated use of valign:

<td style="vertical-align: top;">March 12</td>

[ More Info ]

[/network/web/html/css] permanent link

Wed, Nov 17, 2021 9:56 pm

Automatically resizing an image for mobile devices

I created this domain in April of 1997, a time when mobile device usage was not common. HTML 3 was the version of the HyperText Markup Lanugage (HTML) in usage then with HTML 4.0 not being pubished as a W3C Recommendation until December of that year. In the past, I used to add material to the site far more frequently. I haven't added much to the site in the last few years and haven't made any significant changes to the site for many years. Consequently, visitors viewing pages with large images from a mobile device would see only the leftmost portion of those images and would need to scroll right if they were using a mobile device such as a phone. I finally added a few lines to the site's style.css Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) file today to have images be scaled down to fit the screens of mobile devices. The lines I added are those below:
img {
  max-width: 100%;
  height: auto;
}

Those lines tell browsers that the maximum width of an image when it is displayed within the user's browser shoud be no wider than the page's width as it is displayed within that browser on that device. I added the "height: auto;" to ensure that when images are resized that the height is also adjusted to maintain the heighth to width ration of the original image. Otherwise, some images might be distorted so that the image height would be much greater in relation to its width than in the original image. With the auto setting, the height to width balance remains such that the image fits within the displaye page without appearing elongated.

[/network/web/html/css] permanent link

Sat, Apr 10, 2021 5:26 pm

Creating a list that is expandable and collapsible in HTML5

If you wish to make a list that can be collapsed and expanded on a webpage or a section on the page that can be expanded to reveal more details, you can use the details and summary tags with version 5 of HTML. E.g., the following code allows information to be displayed or hidden by clicking on an arrowhead that will appear to the left of whatever appears within the summary tags. The information within the details tag will be hidden or displayed by clicking on the arrowhead to toggle between the two options.
<details>
<summary>Overview</summary>
The American Civil War began on April 12, 1865 when South Carolina
militia forces attacked Fort Sumter at Charleston, South Carolina. 
The war effectively ended on April 9, 1865 with the surrender by
Confederate General Robert E. Lee to Union General Ulysses S. Grant, but
the president of the Confederacy, Jefferson Davis, did not declare an
end to the insurrection until May 9, 1865. Each side in the
conflict suffered over 800,000 casualties. The principal cause of the
conflict was the issue of slavery within the United States with abolitionists
in the North viewing the practice as a crime against humanity while Southern
slave owners viewed it as a necessary evil or, for some defenders of slavery,
even as a positive good, which they feared would be eliminated under the
recently elected President Abraham Lincoln.
</details>

[More Info]

[/network/web/html] permanent link

Sun, May 27, 2018 9:13 pm

Centering divs with flex-container

With HTML 4, centering the contents within a div is simple. You just use <div align="center">. E.g., if I wanted to center the image and text below on a webpage, I could use the following code:

<div align="center">
<img src="186px-Antinous_Mandragone_profil.jpg" alt="Antinous Mangragone 
profile"><br>
<a href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Antinous_Mandragone_profil.jpg">
Antinous Mandragone</a>
</div>

The image would then be displayed in browsers as seen below:

Antinous Mangragone profile
Antinous Mandragone

[ More Info ]

[/network/web/html/css] permanent link

Sun, Feb 18, 2018 10:10 pm

Displaying a tooltip

A tooltip, aka infotip or hint, is a small box of text that appears when a user hovers the mouse pointer over an item, such as a particular word or phrase, on a webpage. If you wish to display a tooltip when a user hovers the mouse pointer over text on a webpage, there are a number of ways you can do so. The simplest way to do so is to specify a title attribute, which is an HTML global attribute with the span tag. E.g.:

<span title="This is the tooltip text to be displayed when the mouse is hovered over the spanned text.">example text</span>

This is an example using the above technique with example text.

[ More Info ]

[/network/web/html] permanent link

Mon, Jun 19, 2017 9:39 pm

Wrapping text on a webpage

I query an SQLite database using PHP code on a webpage. One of the fields in the database is a "Note" field, where notes have been entered without any HTML code to format the text. When I display the notes on a webpage, I want to preserve the line breaks and paragraphs as they were typed. Since there are no <br> line break nor <p> paragraph tags on the page, I could display the text as typed using the pre tag, but the problem with just using that tag is that in cases where the a line is very long, someone would have to scroll far to the right to see the entire line on the webpage, if I just used the pre tag. However, I can specify a style for the pre tag that will result in the text wrapping at the right-edge of the browser window. E.g. <pre style="white-space: pre-wrap"> . Or, if I don't want the text displayed in the monospaced default font for the pre tag, I can apply the style to the <div> tag, instead. E.g.: <div style="white-space: pre-wrap">.

[ More Info ]

[/network/web/html] permanent link

Sun, May 07, 2017 6:09 pm

Centering an image on a webpage horizontally

To center an image horizontally on a webpage, you can add style="display: block; margin: auto;" to the img tag. E.g.

<p> <img src="320px-Fisher_500_radio.jpg" alt="Fisher AM/FM radio from 1959" width="320" height="208" style="display: block; margin: auto;"> </p>

Fisher AM/FM radio from 1959

Related articles:

  1. Centering a div and an image within it using CSS

[/network/web/html/css] permanent link

Sat, Apr 22, 2017 11:20 pm

Vertically aligning an image with text using CSS

If you wish to vertically align an image with text in Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) code that is compliant with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) you can do so using <style="vertical-align: position;"> where position is bottom, middle, or top. E.g., if I want to align an image of the direct current symbol, which is a horizontal line over top of three shorter horizontal lines, so that the image is vertically in the middle of the text, I could use the code below:

24V <img src="direct-current.gif" width="49" height="49" style="border: none; vertical-align: middle;" alt="Direct current symbol">1500mA

I would then see the following:

24V Direct current 
symbol1500mA

If I used vertical-align: top, instead, the image would appear as shown below where the text is aligned with the top of the image:

24V Direct current 
symbol1500mA

If I used vertical-align: bottom, instead, the image would appear as shown below:

24V Direct current 
symbol1500mA

If I did not specify a vertical alignment, the image would appear as it did when I specified "bottom" for the vertical alignment as shown below:

24V Direct current symbol1500mA

Though, in this case I could also have used the HTML code &#9107;, instead, for the direct current symbol and avoided the use of an image and the need to align the image with the text, though I didn't realize that when I started using the image on a page for power adapter for various devices.

E.g.: 24V ⎓ 1500mA

[/network/web/html/css] permanent link

Sat, Mar 04, 2017 10:00 pm

CSS max-width and min-width for @media

The third specification of the Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) style sheet language, CSS 3 provides support for media queries, which can adjust the display of information in a browser based on screen resolution, e.g. smartphone screen vs. computer screen, the width of the browser viewport, etc. This is done through the use of "@media, which can be used in a style sheet or a style element included in the <head> section of the HTML code.

Two parameters that can be used with @media are shown below:

max-widthThe maximum width of the display area, such as a browser window
min-widthThe minimum width of the display area, such as a browser window

[ More Info ]

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Tue, Jan 03, 2017 10:23 pm

Executing a JavaScript function when a browser window is resized

Sometimes you may want to have a certain event take place if a visitor to your website resizes his or her browser window. With HTML 5, you can use the onresize Event Attribute. You can apply the event attribute to the body tag, e.g.:

<body onresize="someFunction()">

The event that would occur when the browser window is resized will depend upon the code you place in the JavaScript function referenced, which in this case I've named someFunction.

Note: the onresize attribute is new to HTML5 and isn't supported in HTML 4.01 and older versions oF HTML. You can expect current versions of browsers to support it, but if a visitor has an outdated browser version, the function may not work for the visistor.

[ More Info ]

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