Mon, Apr 27, 2020 9:44 pm
Formatting endnotes in accordance with the Chicago Manual of Style
If you are using Microsoft Word to write a paper adhering to the
Chicago Manual of Style (CMS)
guidelines for citations
that appear in the
section of the paper, references to endnotes should be made
in the paper using Arabic numerals
at the end of sentences with
the numbers put in superscript.
Ludwig considered it an honor that his books were among those burned by the Nazis in 1933.1
1. Emil Ludwig, Three Portraits: Hitler, Mussolini, Stalin (New York:
Alliance Book Corporation: 1940), 49.
You can configure Microsoft Word for CMS style citations by clicking on the
References tab and then selecting a Chicago option for the
Style option. Microsoft Word 2010 lists "Chicago Fifteenth Edition"
as the CMS option.
More Info ]
Sat, Mar 28, 2020 10:53 pm
Counting the number of rows in a table in Microsoft Word
If you wish to determine the number of rows present in a table in
on a Microsoft Windows system, highlight all of the rows in the
table by putting the mouse pointer in the top or bottom row and
then dragging it downwards or upwards until all of the rows are
highlighted. Then right-click and select Table Properties
Under the Row
tab you should see the number of rows listed.
If you don't see the row count, click on the Table or
Column tab and then go back to the Row
information by selecting the Row tab again. You should then
see the row count displayed.
Thu, Oct 04, 2018 9:47 pm
Extracting images from an Excel spreadsheet
I needed to extract two diagrams from a worksheet in a
Microsoft Excel workbook. The diagrams appeared to have been put in the
worksheet as an image through a copy and paste operation. I could right-click
on an image in the sheet and choose "Copy" or "Save as Picture" and for the
latter option I could choose PNG, JPEG, PDF, GIF, or BMP for the "Save as Type"
value, but I wondered what type of file Excel was using for the embedded image.
The file was a .xlsm file, which like a .xlsx file is an
Open XML (OpenXML) file format that can be "unzipped" to reveal the
constituent files within it by renaming the file to have a .zip
filename extension or copying the file to a new file with a .zip extension
- see Zipping and unzipping
Excel xlsx files. So I copied the file giving the new file a .zip extension
and then extracted the contents of that file by unzipping it. I then had a
file named "[Content_Types].xml" and the following directories in the directory
where I had extracted files from the zip file:
[ More Info ]
Sat, Jul 28, 2018 10:45 pm
Viewing and Editing Defined Names in Excel 2013
To view or edit the
Microsoft Excel 2013
spreadsheet program, you can take the following steps:
Click on the Forumulas tab at the top of the
From the Formulas menu, select Name Manager.
In the Name Manager window, you can see the defined names.
[ More Info ]
Sat, Jan 13, 2018 10:20 pm
Using downloaded Visio stencils with Visio 2016
I needed to add a
Juniper SRX Series Services Gateway to a network diagram created with
Microsoft Visio 2016, so I downloaded the SRX Series stencils from
Product Icons & Visio Stencils page. The downloaded file was a
ZIP file, so I extracted the contents of that file. Within the .zip file
were two .VSS files:
Juniper Branch SRX Series.vss and
Juniper Data Center SRX Series.vss. On a Microsoft Windows system,
if you wish to make shapes within a .vss file available within Visio, you
can copy the .vss files to the
My Shapes directory within
Documents directory for the account you are using. To
then access the shapes, click on More Shapes on the left side
of the Visio 2016 window, then select My Shapes. You should then
see the names for the .vss files you added to the
[ More Info ]
Sat, Jan 07, 2017 11:12 pm
Day of the week for dates in Excel and Calc
If you wish to display the day of the week, i.e, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday,
etc., that corresponds to a particular date in
you can simply format the display of the date using
a custom format of
. E.g., in Microsoft Excel 2013,
if I have dates in column A displayed in mm/dd/yyyy format, but I also
want the day of the week corresponding to those days to appear in column
B as shown below.
[ More Info ]
Wed, Jun 15, 2016 10:33 pm
Searching for text in the subject of a message with OWA
Outlook on the web
, aka Outlook Web App (OWA)and Outlook Web Access, to
check my email on a Microsoft Exchange server using a web browser, I can use
the search function to search for a
that may be part of a word in the subject of a message. But I can only search
for that string if it occurs at the beginning of a word. E.g., if I'm looking
for any message that has "CRQ000000473568" within the subject of a message, I
can use either of the two searches below to successfully find such messages.
I can use the asterisk as a
wildcard character to represent one or more of any character.
But if I use either of the following search parameters, the relevant
messages won't be found.
The search function doesn’t provide a search option that will allow you
to search for text in the middle or end of a word. It only find items that
contain a word that begins with your search string.
[ More Info ]
Sat, Jun 04, 2016 10:57 pm
Importing contacts from PST file into Outlook 2013
The following steps can be used to import contacts from an Outlook
.pst file into Outlook 2013:
- Click on File.
- Click on Open & Export.
- Select Import/Export.
When the Import and Export Wizard window opens,
select "Import from another program or file" and click on Next.
Select "Outlook Data File (.pst)" and click on Next.
Browse to the location of the .pst file and then click on Next after
selecting the option you prefer in regards to how Outlook should deal with
any entries that duplicate existing entries in your contact list. The options
are as follows:
- Replace duplicates with items imported
- Allow duplicates to be created
- Do not import duplicates
At the next step, you can select the folder to import from. You can also
decide whether you wish to import any subfolders from the imported file;
the default value is to include subfolders. You can also choose from the
following 2 options:
- Import items into the current folder
- Import items into the same folder in
For contacts, you may want to import them into the Contacts
folder in Outlook, so can leave "Import items into the same folder in"
selected for the appropriate email account.
Click on Finish to complete the process.
For creating a contacts list PST file from the prior version of the
application which can be imported into Outlook 2013, see
Exporting contacts from Outlook 2010.
Fri, Mar 04, 2016 9:37 pm
Sometimes you may need to determine the number of work days from one date
to another in a Microsoft Excel
Calc spreadsheet. E.g., you may need to exclude Saturdays,
Sundays, and holidays from a calculation. All three spreadsheet programs provide
function that you can use to calculate dates based on
business work days rather than just the total number of days from a start
date. For Microsoft Excel on both Microsoft Windows and OS X and Google Sheets,
the syntax for the
function is as follows:
WORKDAY(start_date, num_days, [holidays])
For OpenOffice Calc, you need to separate the parameters with a semicolon
rather than a colon. I.e.:
WORKDAY(Start_date; num_days; [holidays])
If you separate the parameters with a comma in Calc, it will display
"Holidays" is enclosed in brackets to indicate it is an optional parameter, you
would not actually include the brackets if you specified holidays.
The arguments to the function have the following meaning:
Start_date - Required. A date that represents the starting date for
num_days - Required. The number of nonweekend and nonholiday days before
or after the start_date. A positive value yields a future date while a negative
value yields a past date.
holidays - Optional. An optional list of one or more dates to exclude
from the working calendar, such as state and federal holidays and floating
holidays. The list can be either a range of cells that contain the dates
or an array constant of the serial numbers that represent the dates.
E.g., I need to determine the date when work requests that should
be completed within 5 business days after approval should be completed.
I can display the required implementation date for each request in a
worksheet by using the formula
cell holds the approval date. E.g., if the approval date is in cell
A2, I can set the formula for the required implemenation date to be
WORKDAY(A2,5) for Excel or Google Sheets or
WORKDAY(A2;5) for Apache OpenOffice Calc.
If there was no date in cell A2, Excel will display January 6, 1900
in the cell holding the implemenation date, e.g.
the date format is D/M/YY (day/month/2-digit year), but OpenOffice Calc
and Google Sheets will display January 5, 1900. Microsoft Excel stores
dates as sequential serial numbers so they can be used in calculations
and, by default, uses January 1, 1900 as serial number 1. If you have a
date field containing January 1, 2008 that is equivalent to 39,448, which
you would see if you put that day in a cell formatted to hold a date then
changed the format to be a number. January 1, 2016 is 42,370. January 1,
2008 is 39,448 days after January 1, 1900 and January 1, 2016 is 42,370
days after that date.
Why do Google Sheets and Apache OpenOffice Calc show January 5,
1900 as the calculated date when there is no date in the
field while Microsot Excel displays January 6, 1900? Long before Microsoft
became a dominant player in the spreadsheet market,
Lotus Development Corporation was a dominant spreadsheet in the personal
computer market. There was a bug in Lotus 1-2-3 due to the developers
assuming that the year 1900 was a leap year; it was not. When Microsoft released
Excel they had to compete with Lotus 1-2-3, the then dominant spreadsheet for
personal computers, so Microsoft needed to ensure that spreadsheets created in
Lotus 1-2-3 returned the same results in Excel, so for compatibility retained
the incorrect assumption regarding the year 1900 - see the Microsoft article
assumes that the year 1900 is a leap year and
Excel Date Conversion (Days from 1900) regarding making an allowance for
that incorrect assumption. Google Sheets and Apache OpenOffice Calc did not
retain that incorrect assumption regarding the year 1900 and so you will
see January 5 used in certain calculations in those spreadsheets where
January 6, 1900 is used by Exel, which is why sometims you may get
differing results for date calculations between those spreadsheet
If an argument to the
workday function is not a valid
date, e.g., 2/30/16 for February 30, 2016, which is not a valid date,
you will see
#VALUE! displayed by the function in all three
spreadsheets. In all three spreadsheets, if days is not an integer, the
number is truncated to an integer value. E.g., if you used the formula
=WORKDAY(A2,5.7) you would get the same result as entering
Fri, Feb 12, 2016 10:53 pm
Outlook Web App (OWA) not wrapping text
When I attempted to forward an email message I received in the
Microsoft Outlook Web App (OWA)
, which I had accessed in the
Firefox browser on a MacBook Pro laptiop, I found that the text I was
typing was not wrapping, but kept extending across the window where
I was typing additional information I wanted to add to the message. I
copied the text I was typing and closed the window and then attempted
forward it again. When I pasted the text I had been typing into the
message, the same problem occurred. Microsoft has an article titled
does not work in Outlook or in OWA email messages
When you compose email messages in Microsoft Office Outlook or
in Outlook Web Access (OWA), you notice that the wordwrapping
functionality does not work as expected.
The Microsoft article states the problem can occur if there are extra space
characters in the message, i.e., if you have two or more spaces right after
one another, e.g., if you type fast and inadvertently type an extra space or
more. The solution listed in the article is to compose the message as plain
text rather than HTML or to remove the extra spaces. Since I was using an Apple
OS X system, I hit command-F to search for " ", i.e., two spaces.
OWA reported that there were such instances in the message. In this case,
I simply discarded the message I had been typing and opted to start fresh
with the foward process for the message, retyping the text I had intended to
add to the forwarded message and the problem didn't occur this time.
If, instead, you wished to opt for the alternative of composing the email
as a plain text message, you can look to the right of "Options" in the window
where you are composing the message. You will see "HTML" there; you can change
the selection to "Plain text", instead.
Though, when I tried to recreate the problem by forwarding the message
again and purposefully typing extra spaces at verious points in the text
I was adding, the text wrapped as I expected. I.e., I could not recreate
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