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Sun, Feb 12, 2017 5:44 pm

Configuring Windows 7 to hibernate on low UPS battery power

If you have an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to provide battery backup for a Microsoft Windows system in the event of a power outage, you may want to change the default setting for the action that Windows takes when the battery charge is nearing depletion. The default setting is to put the system in sleep mode where the system saves the memory state to disk and stops most activities on the system, so that the system is using very little power. But, if the battery charge becomes totally depleted, if a system is in sleep mode when that happens, you will lose any unsaved work. You can reconfigure Windows to hibernate the system, instead. When the system goes into hibernation, the contents of memory are saved to disk in such a way that when the system is rebooted, you will be back to the state it was in before it was hibernated, so you haven't lost unsaved work, such as open documents in a word processor, etc.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/win7] permanent link

Fri, Jul 29, 2016 11:56 pm

Windows 7 Image Backup to Network Location

The deadline Microsoft has given for its free upgrade of Windows 7 and 8 to Windows 10 is 5:59 AM EDT Saturday July 30, 2016. When I checked with the owner of a couple of Windows 7 systems on whether she wished me to upload the systems prior to the deadline, she said "Yes." I wanted to have current backups for the systems, so I backed them up using the built-in backup program Microsoft provides with the Windows 7 operating system - see Windows 7 Image Backup to Network Location on the steps to start and configure that software. I found that there was only a few megabytes of disk space still available on the USB-attached backup device for one of the systems and I wanted to retain the earlier backups on that device, so I decided to backup the system over the network, instead. That backup was much slower than I would have liked it to have been over the 100 Mbs LAN. The steps to perform a Windows 7 backup to a network location are listed here.

[/os/windows/win7] permanent link

Fri, Jan 01, 2016 7:20 pm

Moving a Windows system from one domain to another

I needed to move a Microsoft Windows 7 Ultimate system from a home Windows domain with a Windows Small Business Server (SBS) 2003 domain controller (DC) to one with a Windows Server 2012 Essentials domain controller. I migrated the system using these steps, but then realized I should have first copied the profile information for accounts used on the system, which I could have done using Windows Easy Transfer. I was still able to easily migrate the existing profiles to accounts in the new domain using the free version of User Profile Wizard from ForensiT, though.

[/os/windows/win7] permanent link

Wed, Dec 30, 2015 10:34 pm

Windows System Image Backup failed with 0x80070002 code

After attempting to create a system image backup on an external USB drive of a Windows 7 Ultimate system, I saw a message that "The backup failed. The system cannot find the file specified. (0x80070002)." The window where I saw the error message didn't offer me a way to see what file or files were associated with the error message. It took me many hours to finally connect the error message to an issue with a USB port on the front of the computer. When I moved the cable between the external USB drive and the computer from a USB port on the front of the computer to one on the back, I was finally able to successfully create a system image on the external drive.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/win7] permanent link

Wed, Dec 23, 2015 11:04 pm

Adding the Microsoft Windows FTP Service to a Windows 7 system

If you wish to set up a Microsoft Windows 7 system as an File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server, Microsoft provides FTP server software which you can enable through the Turn Windows Features on or off capability under Programs and Features, which you can access from the Control Panel . You can configure the FTP server service to use "Basic" authentication so that users will need to provide a user name and password for an account on the system in order to transfer files to/from the FTP server or you can choose to set up the FTP server to use anonymous authentication, which will allow FTP users to type anonymous when prompted for a user name and then provide whatever they wish when prompted for a password.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/win7] permanent link

Sat, May 16, 2015 10:31 pm

Configuring SNMP on a Windows 7 System

The Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) provides a mechanism for managing network-connected devices using a standard protocol for a wide variety of networked devices, such as routers, switches, servers, workstations, printers, etc. Microsoft Windows systems support SNMP, but they are not configured by default to support SNMP. But once you've installed and configured SNMP on a Windows system you can monitor a variety of system parameters on it from an SNMP network management system. Steps for configuring SNMP on a Microsoft Windows 7 system are detailed here.

Instructions for installing SNMP on systems running Windows XP are at Installing SNMP Under Windows XP.

[/os/windows/win7] permanent link

Wed, Apr 08, 2015 8:46 pm

Hibernating a Windows 7 computer

You may be able to hibernate a Microsoft Windows 7 computer even if you don't see the hibernate option listed when you hit Ctrl-Alt-Del and click on the power button but see only the Shut down and Sleep options or if you click on the Windows Start button and then click on the arrow head next to the shut down button and see only the Sleep option. Try getting a command prompt, instead, which you can obtain by clicking on the Start button and typing cmd and hitting enter and then type shutdown /h or shutdown /h /f if you also want running applications to be forced to close. Not all PCs may support hibernate mode. You can issue the command powercfg -availablesleepstates at a command prompt to see if hibernation mode is available on the system.
C:\>powercfg -availablesleepstates
The following sleep states are available on this system: Standby ( S3 ) Hibernat
e Hybrid Sleep
The following sleep states are not available on this system:
Standby (S1)
        The system firmware does not support this standby state.
Standby (S2)
        The system firmware does not support this standby state.

Another option for the powercfg command, - hibernate or -h, enables or disables hibernation. You can see all available options with powercfg /?.

  -HIBERNATE, -H
              Enables-Disables the hibernate feature.  Hibernate timeout is not
              supported on all systems.

              Usage: POWERCFG -H <ON|OFF>
                     POWERCFG -H -Size <PercentSize>
              -Size  Specifies the desired hiberfile size in percentage of the
                     total memory. The default size cannot be smaller than 50.
                     This switch will also enable the hiberfile automatically.

  -AVAILABLESLEEPSTATES, -A
              Reports the sleep states available on the system
              Attempts to report reasons why sleep states are unavailable.

[/os/windows/win7] permanent link

Fri, Feb 13, 2015 10:45 pm

Hiding an Account from the Windows 7 Welcome Screen

To hide an account from the Microsoft Windows 7 welcome screen, take the following steps:
  1. Click on the Start button.
  2. Type regedit in the "Search programs and files" field and hit Enter.
  3. When prompted if you want to allow the program to make change to the system, choose "yes".
  4. Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon\
  5. Right-click on Winlogon and choose "New" then "Key" and put SpecialAccounts for the key name.
  6. Right-click on SpecialAccounts and choose "New" then "Key" and put Userlist for the key name.
  7. Right-click on UserList on the left side of the window and select New and then DWORD (32-bit) Value.
  8. You'll see the new entry in the right pane of the window, rename this value, which by default will be labelled "New Value #1", to the name of the user account you want hidden. It should be exactly how it is listed on the welcome screen you see when the system starts. Leave the value at 0.
  9. You can then close the registry editor by clicking on File then Exit.

Now when you logoff, you shouldn't see the hidden account on the welcome screen. If you still see it, reboot.

Note: unlike with hidden accounts under Windows XP, you can't log into a hidden account by hitting the Ctrl, Alt, and Del keys.

[/os/windows/win7] permanent link

Sat, Feb 07, 2015 10:24 pm

Obtaining a command prompt with administrator access under Windows 7

To open a command prompt with administrator access under Windows 7 you can take the following steps:
  1. Click on the Windows Start button.
  2. In the "Search programs and files" field type cmd.

    Programs cmd.exe

  3. Right-click on cmd.exe and choose "Run as administrator". Provide a userid and password for an account in the administrators group when prompted.

Alternatively, you can open a command prompt with administrator access from a command prompt you've opened from a standard user account by typing runas /user:administrator cmd.exe. Or you can substitute the name of some other account with administrator access instead of "administrator". Enter the password for the account when prompted to provide it.

[/os/windows/win7] permanent link

Thu, Jan 08, 2015 11:24 pm

Windows 7 wallpaper location

The location for the various wallpapers that come with Windows 7 is %SYSTEMROOT%\Web\Wallpaper%. The Windows environment variable %SYSTEMROOT% usually points to C:\Windows, but you can check its value on a particular system from a command prompt with echo %SYSTEMROOT%.
C:\Users\Pamela>dir %SYSTEMROOT%\Web\Wallpaper
 Volume in drive C is OS
 Volume Serial Number is 4445-F6ED

 Directory of C:\Windows\Web\Wallpaper

11/04/2011  01:00 AM    <DIR>          .
11/04/2011  01:00 AM    <DIR>          ..
11/21/2010  02:16 AM    <DIR>          Architecture
11/21/2010  02:16 AM    <DIR>          Characters
11/04/2011  01:00 AM    <DIR>          Dell
11/21/2010  02:16 AM    <DIR>          Landscapes
11/21/2010  02:16 AM    <DIR>          Nature
11/21/2010  02:16 AM    <DIR>          Scenes
11/21/2010  02:16 AM    <DIR>          Windows
               0 File(s)              0 bytes
               9 Dir(s)  863,115,665,408 bytes free

C:\Users\Pamela>echo %SYSTEMROOT%
C:\Windows

The location of the current wallpaper for the currently logged on user can be found by a reg query command.

C:\Users\Pamela>reg query "HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop" /v WallPaper


HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop
    WallPaper    REG_SZ    C:\Users\Pamela\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\Windows\Themes\TranscodedWallpaper.jpg

If you pick an image you want to use for wallpaper, it will be copied to the location in the above registry key and renamed TranscodedWallpaper.jpg, which allows you to modify the original image without changing the wallpaper, but may seem confusing if you are expecting the file name to be the same as it was for the original image you selected for the wallpaper.

[/os/windows/win7] permanent link

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