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Fri, Mar 01, 2024 8:43 pm

Clearing the formatting for a paragraph in Word in Office 365

If you are using the Word application in Office 365/Microsoft 365, if a paragraph, or multiple paragraphs, in a document contains formatting information, such as a gray background, text coloring, etc. that you wish to remove, you can change the style of the paragraph to eliminate that styling information by highlighting the paragraph, or paragraphs, then choosing Styles from the menu that pops up, then "Clear Formatting".

Clear Formatting - Office 365 Word

[/os/windows/office/word] permanent link

Tue, Dec 12, 2023 3:43 pm

Turning off Spelling and Grammar Checking for a Document in Microsoft Word 2010

If you wish to turn off the spelling check and/or the grammar check for a document in Word in the Microsoft Office 2010 suite (version 14.0.7268.5000), you can do so by taking the following steps:
  1. Click on the Review tab at the top of the Word window where the document is open.
  2. On the Review tab, click on Spelling & Grammar.
  3. In the Spelling and Grammar window that then opens, click on the Options button.

    Spelling and 
Grammar window

  4. Under the Proofing option, you will see check boxes for "Hide spelling errors in this document only" and "Hide grammar errors in this document only". Check both boxes, if you wish to turn off checking for both, and click on the Ok button.

Proofing Options

  5. You can then close the Spelling and Grammar window by clicking on the "X" in the upper, right-hand corner of that window.

[/os/windows/office/word] permanent link

Wed, Nov 01, 2023 5:06 pm

Clearing the formatting of paragraphs in Microsoft Word

I edit a newsletter for the retiree organization of my former employer. Often when I receive a draft copy of the newsletter in Microsoft Word format, I find that some paragraphs have a gray background or other formatting that I need to remove. I can't remove that grey background by changing the fill for the paragraph to "none", but I can remove it by highlighting the paragraph and then clearing the formatting. The procedure for doing so with Microsoft Word version 14.0, which is part of Microsoft Office Professional 2010, and other versions on a Windows system is to right-click on the paragraph after highlighting it, then select Styles and then Clear Formatting. The font selection will also be cleared.

Microsoft Word Clear Formatting

Alternatively, with the text in the paragraph highligthed, hit the Ctrl key and spacebar simultaneously to clear the formatting for the paragraph.

[/os/windows/office/word] permanent link

Fri, Sep 15, 2023 5:14 pm

Determining the Serial Number of a Disk Drive with PowerShell

If you need to determine the serial number of a hard disk drive (HDD) attached to a Microsoft Windows system, you can do so from a PowerShell window using the cmdlet Get-Disk (you can open a PowerShell window by typing PowerShell in the Windows "Type here to search field on a Windows 10 system and then selecting the app when it is returned in the list of search results). If you just want a list of drives attached to the system by a USB connection, you can pipe the output of the cmdlet to the Where-Object cmdlet where you can filter on just drives that have a USB connection as shown below.

PS C:\> Get-Disk | Where-Object -FilterScript {$_.Bustype -Eq "USB"}
Number Friendly Name Serial Number                    HealthStatus         OperationalStatus      Total Size Partition
------ ------------- -------------                    ------------         -----------------      ---------- ----------
1      SanDisk Cr... 03025228050421082418             Healthy              No Media                      0 B RAW
2      USB2.0 Car... 606569746800                     Healthy              No Media                      0 B RAW
4      USB2.0 Car... 606569746802                     Healthy              No Media                      0 B RAW
5      USB2.0 Car... 606569746803                     Healthy              No Media                      0 B RAW
3      USB2.0 Car... 606569746801                     Healthy              No Media                      0 B RAW
6      WD My Pass... WXM1A375CKEZ                     Healthy              Online                  931.48 GB GPT

PS C:\>

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/PowerShell] permanent link

Wed, Sep 13, 2023 10:22 pm

Filtering Windows Updates by a Specific Date

When I logged into a user's Microsoft Windows 10 system to check on a problem, I found the system had rebooted late the night before, September 12, 2003, at a time much later than I would expect the user to be working, so I didn't think she had rebooted it. I didn't know if the reboot might be related to the problem she reported to me or could possibly just be Microsoft Windows rebooting because of an automatically installed update. From a command prompt window, you can obtain the last time the system was rebooted using the systeminfo command. To see just the last reboot time and not all of the other output it provides, you can filter the output with the find command by piping the output of the systeminfo command to the find command. You can check on updates that have been installed using the Windows Management Instrumentation Command-line (WMIC) command wmic qfe list ("qfe" stands for "Quick Fix Engineering"). Since that command can also generate a lot of output for updates on dates you may not be interested in, you can also filter that output with the find command.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/PowerShell] permanent link

Sun, Aug 20, 2023 2:58 pm

Copying fonts from one Windows system to another

I needed to transfer the fonts my wife had installed from the Microsoft Windows 10 system she had been using to a new Windows 11 system. To do so, I copied the C:\Windows\Fonts directory on her old system to a network location that I could access from the new system (I could also have used a USB flash drive). I then copied the contents of that directory to the C:\Windows\Fonts directory on her new system. When doing so, an Installing Fonts window appeared with the following warning:

Cannot install StaticCahce.dat

The file 'C:\Users\username...\StaticCache.dat' does not appear to be a valid font.

After I closed that window, I also saw another window with the message below:

Cannot install

The file 'C:\Use...\GlobalMonspace.CompositeFont' does not appear to be a valid font.

A similar message appeared for the following fonts:

I also saw some messages stating a font was already installed and asking if I wanted to replace it. I chose "No" and checked the box for "Do this for all current items". After that, I also saw "Cannot install Deleted," though I don't know why that appeared as there was no file named "Deleted" in the directory from which I was performing the copy.

Note: you can see a list of the currently installed fonts on a Windows system by typing fonts in the Windows Search window at the bottom of the screen and then selecting Fonts Control Panel when you see it returned in the search results.

Windows 11 Current Fonts

Before I started copying fonts from the old system, I saw "183 items" for the number of fonts. After I copied the fonts, I saw "426 items" in the Control Panel > Appearance and Personalization > Fonts window. The number of items added will likely be less than the number of files in the folder from which you transferred the fonts as some of the TrueType font files (.ttf) are variations such as bold and italic, of a particular font.

I also transferred Windows themes from her account on the old system to her account on the new system.

[/os/windows/transfer] permanent link

Mon, Aug 14, 2023 7:37 pm

Adding registry keys to the Windows Registry from a .reg file

You can save registry keys from the Windows Registry on a system running a Microsoft Windows operating system by running the Windows Registry editor, regedit.exe, then navigating to the location of a key you wish to save, right-clicking on it and selecting Export to create a .reg file. You can then import the registry key on another Windows system by double-clicking on that file on the system on which you wish to have the same registry entry. You may need to be logged in under a administrator account for keys that apply to all users, but you can still import the contents of the .reg file without logging out of the currently logged in user account, if that is not an account in the administrator group, by opening a command prompt window with administrator privileges. On a Windows 11 system, you can do so by typing command prompt in the Search field at the bottom of the screen. When you see the Command Prompt app returned in the search results, click on it to open a command prompt window without administator privileges or select "Run as administrator" to open a command prompt window with administrator privileges. To add the registry entries in a .reg file to the Windows Registry from the command prompt you can issue the command reg /import filelocation\filename where filelocation is the directory path to the file and filename is the file's name. E.g., to import a registry file named L5SoftwareGroup.reg located on the server server1 in the shared public folder under the directory path \Software\Utilities, I could enter the command below.

C:\Windows\System32>reg import \\server1\public\Software\Utilities\L5SoftwareGroup.reg
The operation completed successfully.


Related articles

  1. Obtaining a command prompt in Windows 11
    Date: February 18, 2017
  2. Obtaining a command prompt in Windows 10
    Date: February 18, 2017
  3. Obtaining a Command Prompt on a Windows 8 System
    Date: March 15, 2014

[/os/windows] permanent link

Sun, Aug 13, 2023 6:42 pm

CDisplay Installation File

While installing software that my wife uses on a new PC, I discovered that the developer of CDisplay, David Ayton, died in 2003 and the program is no longer maintained. The application allows one to display comic book archive files, which are files with an extension of .cbr, cbz, .cbt, or .cba — those files are renamed RAR, ZIP, TAR, or ACE files. Since the website where I obtained the software almost two decades ago,, no longer exists, I've placed a Zip file containing the installation program on this website at CDisplay 1.8.1 so that others who might need a copy of the software can access it.

[/os/windows/software/comics] permanent link

Mon, Jul 24, 2023 1:16 pm

Stop sharing a folder on a Windows 2012 server

To stop sharing a folder on a Windows 2012 server, you can take the following steps:
  1. Hit Ctrl-Esc
  2. Type Computer Management and when you see Computer Management returned in the search results, click on it.
  3. In the Computer Management window, select Shares under Shared Folders, which is under System Tools.
  4. Right-click on the directory you no longer wish to share and select "Stop sharing".

    Stop Sharing folder

If you see a Shared Folders window open informing you that there are open files in the shared directory when you attempt to stop sharing it, you can click on Open Files, which appears beneath Shares in the list of options for Shared Folders in the Computer Management window to determine which files are open and which user account has them open.

Shared Folders open files

If you wish to close them from the server, you can, after you have selected Open Files to see the list of open files, right-click on a file and select the option to close it. You can also close all open files by selecting "More Actions" in the right pane of the Computer Management window, then "Disconnect All Open Files".

You can also see which files are open by opening a command prompt window with administrative access and issuing the openfiles command. You can open a commmand prompt window with administrator access by hitting Ctrl-Esc then typing command prompt and when you see "command prompt" returned in the search results, right-click on it and choose "Run as administrator". In the command prompt window, enter the command openfiles.


INFO: The system global flag 'maintain objects list' needs
      to be enabled to see local opened files.
      See Openfiles /? for more information.

Files opened remotely via local share points:

ID       Accessed By          Type       Open File (Path\executable)
======== ==================== ========== =====================================
27514635 Joe                  Windows    C:\..\Public\Documents\Books\Images
10066334 Joe                  Windows    C:\..\Documents\GRAA\2023\July
28185728 Joe                  Windows    C:\..\2023\Summer\Review\2023-06-26
25501373 Joe                  Windows    C:\..\Documents\MoonPoint\2023
22145930 Liz                  Windows    G:\..) (2023_07_15 23_24_31 UTC).pdf
28185729 Joe                  Windows    C:\..\Public\Documents\Books\Images
27514641 Liz                  Windows    G:\..) (2017_07_06 02_45_37 UTC).pdf
28856820 Joe                  Windows    C:\..\Documents\MoonPoint\2023
38923150 Joe                  Windows    C:\..\2023\Summer\Review\2023-06-26
22145934 Joe                  Windows    C:\..\Documents\GRAA\2023\July


If you can't determine which files are open because the full path to files is not displayed, i.e., two dots are displayed for a portion of the path, then you can add a format option (fo) to the command to display the output in a different format. E.g., if you add /fo list, i.e., openfiles /query /fo list when you query for the open files, you will then see the files displayed in a list format that will display the full directory path for each file that is open. Other format options for the display of output are table and csv. The csv option is for Comma-separated values. You can see a full list of options for the openfiles command by issuing the command openfiles /?.

[/os/windows/server2012] permanent link

Sun, Mar 19, 2023 10:11 pm

Renaming a PC and joining it to a Windows domain

If you need to rename a computer running the Windows 10 operating system and/or make it a member of a Windows domain, you can take the following steps. To see the system's current name, you can press the Windows key and the Pause/Break key on the keyboard simultaneously. Alternatively, you can type about in the "Type here to search" field at the bottom, left-hand side of the screen and then select the About your PC entry which is returned from the search. You can also type this pc in the "Type here to search" field at the bottom, left-hand side of the screen and then select the This PC app when you see it listed. For any of the three above options, you will then see an About window that lists "Device name," which is the system's current name. If you just need to rename the PC, click on Rename this PC. If you need to both rename the PC and join a Windows domain, then instead of clicking on Rename this PC, scroll downards in the About window until you see "Rename this PC (advanced)" and click on it.

[ More Info ]

[/os/windows/domain] permanent link

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